Separating hierarchical relations and word order in language production: Is proximity concord syntactic or linear?

Gabriella Vigliocco, Janet L Nicol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

117 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper we address the question whether hierarchical relations and word order can be separated in sentence production. In two experiments, we assess whether subject-verb agreement errors (such as 'The time for fun and games are over') require linear proximity of a socalled 'local' noun ('games' in the example) to the verb. In the first experiment, we found a proximity effect when participants were asked to complete sentential beginnings of the kind: 'The helicopter for the flights'. In the second experiment, we asked participants to produce a question such as 'Is the helicopter for the flights safe?'. The syntactic relation between the subject noun and the local noun is the same in the two experiments, but the linear position of the local noun is different. The distribution of agreement errors was similar in the two experiments. We argue that these data provide evidence for a stage in language production in which a syntactic structure is built prior to a stage in which words are assigned to their linear position. Agreement is computed during the first stage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCognition
Volume68
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 1 1998

Fingerprint

Aircraft
Language
experiment
language
flight
Syntax
Proximity
Language Production
Experiment
Concord
Nouns
evidence
Flight

Keywords

  • Agreement errors
  • Grammatical encoding
  • Language production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Separating hierarchical relations and word order in language production : Is proximity concord syntactic or linear? / Vigliocco, Gabriella; Nicol, Janet L.

In: Cognition, Vol. 68, No. 1, 01.08.1998.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{106b77d8ebad40c2bcb37d1f4e8bce23,
title = "Separating hierarchical relations and word order in language production: Is proximity concord syntactic or linear?",
abstract = "In this paper we address the question whether hierarchical relations and word order can be separated in sentence production. In two experiments, we assess whether subject-verb agreement errors (such as 'The time for fun and games are over') require linear proximity of a socalled 'local' noun ('games' in the example) to the verb. In the first experiment, we found a proximity effect when participants were asked to complete sentential beginnings of the kind: 'The helicopter for the flights'. In the second experiment, we asked participants to produce a question such as 'Is the helicopter for the flights safe?'. The syntactic relation between the subject noun and the local noun is the same in the two experiments, but the linear position of the local noun is different. The distribution of agreement errors was similar in the two experiments. We argue that these data provide evidence for a stage in language production in which a syntactic structure is built prior to a stage in which words are assigned to their linear position. Agreement is computed during the first stage.",
keywords = "Agreement errors, Grammatical encoding, Language production",
author = "Gabriella Vigliocco and Nicol, {Janet L}",
year = "1998",
month = "8",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "68",
journal = "Cognition",
issn = "0010-0277",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Separating hierarchical relations and word order in language production

T2 - Is proximity concord syntactic or linear?

AU - Vigliocco, Gabriella

AU - Nicol, Janet L

PY - 1998/8/1

Y1 - 1998/8/1

N2 - In this paper we address the question whether hierarchical relations and word order can be separated in sentence production. In two experiments, we assess whether subject-verb agreement errors (such as 'The time for fun and games are over') require linear proximity of a socalled 'local' noun ('games' in the example) to the verb. In the first experiment, we found a proximity effect when participants were asked to complete sentential beginnings of the kind: 'The helicopter for the flights'. In the second experiment, we asked participants to produce a question such as 'Is the helicopter for the flights safe?'. The syntactic relation between the subject noun and the local noun is the same in the two experiments, but the linear position of the local noun is different. The distribution of agreement errors was similar in the two experiments. We argue that these data provide evidence for a stage in language production in which a syntactic structure is built prior to a stage in which words are assigned to their linear position. Agreement is computed during the first stage.

AB - In this paper we address the question whether hierarchical relations and word order can be separated in sentence production. In two experiments, we assess whether subject-verb agreement errors (such as 'The time for fun and games are over') require linear proximity of a socalled 'local' noun ('games' in the example) to the verb. In the first experiment, we found a proximity effect when participants were asked to complete sentential beginnings of the kind: 'The helicopter for the flights'. In the second experiment, we asked participants to produce a question such as 'Is the helicopter for the flights safe?'. The syntactic relation between the subject noun and the local noun is the same in the two experiments, but the linear position of the local noun is different. The distribution of agreement errors was similar in the two experiments. We argue that these data provide evidence for a stage in language production in which a syntactic structure is built prior to a stage in which words are assigned to their linear position. Agreement is computed during the first stage.

KW - Agreement errors

KW - Grammatical encoding

KW - Language production

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032134488&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032134488&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 9775519

AN - SCOPUS:0032134488

VL - 68

JO - Cognition

JF - Cognition

SN - 0010-0277

IS - 1

ER -