Separating the Fish From the Sharks: A Longitudinal Study of Preschool Response Inhibition

Sandra A. Wiebe, Tiffany D. Sheffield, Kimberly Andrews Espy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

The development of response inhibition was investigated using a computerized go/no-go task, in a lagged sequential design where 376 preschool children were assessed repeatedly between 3.0 and 5.25years of age. Growth curve modeling was used to examine change in performance and predictors of individual differences. The most pronounced change was observed between 3 and 3.75years. Better working memory and general cognitive ability were related to more accurate performance at all ages, but relations with speed changed with age, where better cognitive skills were initially related to slower responding, but faster responding at later ages. Boys responded more quickly and were more accurate on go trials, whereas girls were better able to withhold responding on no-go trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1245-1261
Number of pages17
JournalChild development
Volume83
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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