Sequence-dependent cytotoxicity of combination chemotherapy using paclitaxel, carboplatin and bleomycin in human lung and ovarian cancer

Caroline N. Waltmire, David S. Alberts, Robert T. Dorr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Combination chemotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and ovarian cancer typically consists of a regimen of a taxane such as paclitaxel and a platinum-containing agent. Bleomycin, which halts cell cycle progression at G2 phase, is an agent which might thereby increase taxane cytotoxicity. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of different paclitaxel-platinum or paclitaxel-bleomycin schedules on cytotoxicity in human NSCLC and ovarian cancer cells. The simultaneous combination of paclitaxel and carboplatin exhibited simple additivity in vitro, while sequential exposure studies indicated that carboplatin followed by paclitaxel produced greater than additive cytotoxicity using the isobologram analysis of combinatorial effects. In contrast, the simultaneous combination of paclitaxel and bleomycin consistently exhibited greater than additive effects indicating a potentially synergistic combination. Sequential exposure studies of bleomycin followed by paclitaxel produced similar synergistic findings. Experiments in SCID mice evaluating the combinations of paclitaxel and bleomycin supported the in vitro results, as significantly enhanced A549 lung tumor growth inhibition was observed when paclitaxel was administered 1 h after bleomycin. The synergistic activity shown by the combination of bleomycin and paclitaxel indicates a potentially beneficial novel combination for treatment of NSCLC and ovarian cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)595-602
Number of pages8
JournalAnti-cancer drugs
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 29 2001

Keywords

  • Bleomycin
  • Carboplatin
  • Combination chemotherapy
  • Isobologram
  • Paclitaxel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Cancer Research

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