Human menopause is associated with hypertrophy and increased gene expression of neurokinin (NKB) neurons in the infundibular (arcuate) nucleus of the hypothalamus. We have hypothesized that these changes are secondary to gonadal failure. In the present study, we determined that orchidectomy resulted in an increase in the mean profile area and the number of neurons expressing NKB mRNA in the rat arcuate nucleus. No changes were seen when orchidectomy was combined with testosterone or estradiol replacement. These findings support our hypothesis and demonstrate that gonadal steroids modulate NKB neurons in the arcuate nucleus of adult male rats.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience