Shear-Mediated Platelet Activation Enhances Thrombotic Complications in Patients With LVADs and Is Reversed After Heart Transplantation

Filippo Consolo, Giulia Sferrazza, Giulia Motolone, Marina Pieri, Michele De Bonis, Alberto Zangrillo, Alberto Redaelli, Marvin J Slepian, Federico Pappalardo

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a time-series analysis of shear-mediated platelet activation (SMPA) in a patient supported by a Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) who developed recurrent thromboembolic events over the course of support. The patient showed marked alterations of SMPA as quantified via the Platelet Activity State (PAS) assay. At the time of a first pump thrombosis, PAS was equal to 16.2 ± 2.1%, indicating a significant level of SMPA. A moderate decrease of PAS was observed 30 days after pump exchange (PAS = 9.5 ± 1.0%). A sudden PAS increase was recorded after 60 days (PAS = 60.5 ± 4.3%), and an ischemic stroke with hemorrhagic transformation was subsequently diagnosed at 120 days after pump exchange (PAS = 86.9 ± 7.5%); high PAS values did not recover over time likely because of sustained platelet activation from the inflammatory milieu caused by a driveline infection occurred at 240 days of support (PAS = 84.4 ± 7.3%). PAS values were completely reversed after heart transplantation (PAS = 0.6 ± 0.1%), demonstrating resolution of SMPA. This study provides further insight into our understanding of the pathogenesis of LVAD thrombosis, addressing SMPA as a relevant key factor associated with thrombotic complications. With the PAS assay, we have identified a reliable biomarker to promote tailored pharmacological therapy for the prevention of thromboembolic events in patients with LVADs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e33-e35
JournalASAIO journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs : 1992)
Volume65
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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