Shear-Mediated Platelet Activation is Accompanied by Unique Alterations in Platelet Release of Lipids

Alice Sweedo, Lisa M. Wise, Yana Roka-Moiia, Fernando Teran Arce, S. Scott Saavedra, Jawaad Sheriff, Danny Bluestein, Marvin J. Slepian, John G. Purdy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Platelet activation by mechanical means such as shear stress exposure, is a vital driver of thrombotic risk in implantable blood-contacting devices used in the treatment of heart failure. Lipids are essential in platelets activation and have been studied following biochemical activation. However, little is known regarding lipid alterations occurring with mechanical shear-mediated platelet activation. Methods: Here, we determined if shear-activation of platelets induced lipidome changes that differ from those associated with biochemically-mediated platelet activation. We performed high-resolution lipidomic analysis on purified platelets from four healthy human donors. For each donor, we compared the lipidome of platelets that were non-activated or activated by shear, ADP, or thrombin treatment. Results: We found that shear activation altered cell-associated lipids and led to the release of lipids into the extracellular environment. Shear-activated platelets released 21 phospholipids and sphingomyelins at levels statistically higher than platelets activated by biochemical stimulation. Conclusions: We conclude that shear-mediated activation of platelets alters the basal platelet lipidome. Further, these alterations differ and are unique in comparison to the lipidome of biochemically activated platelets. Many of the released phospholipids contained an arachidonic acid tail or were phosphatidylserine lipids, which have known procoagulant properties. Our findings suggest that lipids released by shear-activated platelets may contribute to altered thrombosis in patients with implanted cardiovascular therapeutic devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)597-612
Number of pages16
JournalCellular and Molecular Bioengineering
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Lipidomics
  • Mechanical circulatory support
  • Mechanobiology
  • Platelets
  • Shear activation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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