Shocked quartz at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary in Italy

D. M. Bice, C. R. Newton, S. McCauley, P. W. Reiners, C. A. McRoberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

73 Scopus citations

Abstract

Quartz grains that appear to have been shock-metamorphosed occur within three closely spaced shale beds from the uppermost Triassic (" Rhaetian") Calcare a Rhaetavicula in the Northern Apennines of Italy. The upper shale coincides with the abrupt termination of the distinctive, uppermost Triassic Rhaetavicula fauna and is overlain by the Hetfangian (Lower Jurassic) Calcare Massiccio; no extinctions appear to be associated with the two lower layers, which occur 1.2 and 2.4 meters below the boundary shale. Approximately 5 to 10% of the quartz grains within these layers exhibit one or more sets of planar deformational features whose orientations cluster around the rational crystallographic planes (basal, ω, and π) most commonly observed in shocked quartz. Textural and stratigraphic observations support an interpretation of at least three closely spaced impacts at the end of the Triassic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)443-446
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume255
Issue number5043
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Shocked quartz at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary in Italy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Bice, D. M., Newton, C. R., McCauley, S., Reiners, P. W., & McRoberts, C. A. (1992). Shocked quartz at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary in Italy. Science, 255(5043), 443-446. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.255.5043.443