Short- and long-term effects of intermittent social defeat stress on brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression in mesocorticolimbic brain regions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Social defeat stress is an ethologically salient stressor which activates dopaminergic areas and, when experienced repeatedly, has long-term effects on dopaminergic function and related behavior. The mechanism for these long-lasting consequences remains unclear. A potential candidate for mediating these effects is brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a neurotrophin involved in synaptic plasticity and displaying alterations in dopaminergic regions in response to various types of stress. In this study, we sought to determine whether repeated social defeat stress altered BDNF mRNA and protein expression in dopaminergic brain regions either immediately after the last stress exposure or 4 weeks later. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to social defeat stress consisting of brief confrontation with an aggressive male rat every third day for 10 days; control rats were handled according to the same schedule. Animals were euthanized either 2 h or 28 days after the last stress or handling episode. Our results show that 2 h after stress, BDNF protein and mRNA expression increased in the medial prefrontal cortex. At this time-point, BDNF mRNA increased in the amygdala and protein expression increased in the substantia nigra. Twenty-eight days after stress, BDNF protein and mRNA expression were elevated in the medial amygdala and ventral tegmental area. Given the role of BDNF in neural plasticity, BDNF alterations that are long-lasting may be significant for neural adaptations to social stress. The dynamic nature of BDNF expression in dopaminergic brain regions in response to repeated social stress may therefore have implications for lasting neurochemical and behavioral changes related to dopaminergic function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)598-607
Number of pages10
JournalNeuroscience
Volume167
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010

Fingerprint

Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor
Nerve Growth Factors
Brain
Messenger RNA
Neuronal Plasticity
Amygdala
Ventral Tegmental Area
Substantia Nigra
Prefrontal Cortex
Sprague Dawley Rats
Appointments and Schedules

Keywords

  • Amygdala
  • Dopamine
  • Mesolimbic
  • Neurotrophin
  • Prefrontal cortex
  • Ventral tegmental area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

@article{070bbd8bf2ee4e5eb0f0e18663fbc6a3,
title = "Short- and long-term effects of intermittent social defeat stress on brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression in mesocorticolimbic brain regions",
abstract = "Social defeat stress is an ethologically salient stressor which activates dopaminergic areas and, when experienced repeatedly, has long-term effects on dopaminergic function and related behavior. The mechanism for these long-lasting consequences remains unclear. A potential candidate for mediating these effects is brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a neurotrophin involved in synaptic plasticity and displaying alterations in dopaminergic regions in response to various types of stress. In this study, we sought to determine whether repeated social defeat stress altered BDNF mRNA and protein expression in dopaminergic brain regions either immediately after the last stress exposure or 4 weeks later. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to social defeat stress consisting of brief confrontation with an aggressive male rat every third day for 10 days; control rats were handled according to the same schedule. Animals were euthanized either 2 h or 28 days after the last stress or handling episode. Our results show that 2 h after stress, BDNF protein and mRNA expression increased in the medial prefrontal cortex. At this time-point, BDNF mRNA increased in the amygdala and protein expression increased in the substantia nigra. Twenty-eight days after stress, BDNF protein and mRNA expression were elevated in the medial amygdala and ventral tegmental area. Given the role of BDNF in neural plasticity, BDNF alterations that are long-lasting may be significant for neural adaptations to social stress. The dynamic nature of BDNF expression in dopaminergic brain regions in response to repeated social stress may therefore have implications for lasting neurochemical and behavioral changes related to dopaminergic function.",
keywords = "Amygdala, Dopamine, Mesolimbic, Neurotrophin, Prefrontal cortex, Ventral tegmental area",
author = "S. Fanous and Hammer, {Ronald P} and Nikulina, {Ella M}",
year = "2010",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.neuroscience.2010.02.064",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "167",
pages = "598--607",
journal = "Neuroscience",
issn = "0306-4522",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Short- and long-term effects of intermittent social defeat stress on brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression in mesocorticolimbic brain regions

AU - Fanous, S.

AU - Hammer, Ronald P

AU - Nikulina, Ella M

PY - 2010/5

Y1 - 2010/5

N2 - Social defeat stress is an ethologically salient stressor which activates dopaminergic areas and, when experienced repeatedly, has long-term effects on dopaminergic function and related behavior. The mechanism for these long-lasting consequences remains unclear. A potential candidate for mediating these effects is brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a neurotrophin involved in synaptic plasticity and displaying alterations in dopaminergic regions in response to various types of stress. In this study, we sought to determine whether repeated social defeat stress altered BDNF mRNA and protein expression in dopaminergic brain regions either immediately after the last stress exposure or 4 weeks later. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to social defeat stress consisting of brief confrontation with an aggressive male rat every third day for 10 days; control rats were handled according to the same schedule. Animals were euthanized either 2 h or 28 days after the last stress or handling episode. Our results show that 2 h after stress, BDNF protein and mRNA expression increased in the medial prefrontal cortex. At this time-point, BDNF mRNA increased in the amygdala and protein expression increased in the substantia nigra. Twenty-eight days after stress, BDNF protein and mRNA expression were elevated in the medial amygdala and ventral tegmental area. Given the role of BDNF in neural plasticity, BDNF alterations that are long-lasting may be significant for neural adaptations to social stress. The dynamic nature of BDNF expression in dopaminergic brain regions in response to repeated social stress may therefore have implications for lasting neurochemical and behavioral changes related to dopaminergic function.

AB - Social defeat stress is an ethologically salient stressor which activates dopaminergic areas and, when experienced repeatedly, has long-term effects on dopaminergic function and related behavior. The mechanism for these long-lasting consequences remains unclear. A potential candidate for mediating these effects is brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a neurotrophin involved in synaptic plasticity and displaying alterations in dopaminergic regions in response to various types of stress. In this study, we sought to determine whether repeated social defeat stress altered BDNF mRNA and protein expression in dopaminergic brain regions either immediately after the last stress exposure or 4 weeks later. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to social defeat stress consisting of brief confrontation with an aggressive male rat every third day for 10 days; control rats were handled according to the same schedule. Animals were euthanized either 2 h or 28 days after the last stress or handling episode. Our results show that 2 h after stress, BDNF protein and mRNA expression increased in the medial prefrontal cortex. At this time-point, BDNF mRNA increased in the amygdala and protein expression increased in the substantia nigra. Twenty-eight days after stress, BDNF protein and mRNA expression were elevated in the medial amygdala and ventral tegmental area. Given the role of BDNF in neural plasticity, BDNF alterations that are long-lasting may be significant for neural adaptations to social stress. The dynamic nature of BDNF expression in dopaminergic brain regions in response to repeated social stress may therefore have implications for lasting neurochemical and behavioral changes related to dopaminergic function.

KW - Amygdala

KW - Dopamine

KW - Mesolimbic

KW - Neurotrophin

KW - Prefrontal cortex

KW - Ventral tegmental area

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77951298810&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77951298810&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2010.02.064

DO - 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2010.02.064

M3 - Article

C2 - 20206238

AN - SCOPUS:77951298810

VL - 167

SP - 598

EP - 607

JO - Neuroscience

JF - Neuroscience

SN - 0306-4522

IS - 3

ER -