Objective: To investigate whether infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) signal intensity (SI) alteration predicts the occurrence of knee replacement (KR) in knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients over 5 years. Design: The subjects were selected from Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) study. Case knees (n = 127) were defined as those who received KR during 5 years follow-up visit. They were matched by gender, age and radiographic status with control knees (n = 127). We used T2-weighted MR images to measure IPFP SI alteration using a newly developed algorithm in MATLAB. The measurements were assessed at baseline (BL), T0 (the visit just before KR) and 1 year before T0 (T-1). Conditional logistic regression was used to analyse the associations between IPFP SI alterations and the risk of KR. Results: Participants were mostly female (57%), with an average age of 63.7 years old and a mean body mass index (BMI) of 29.5 kg/m2. In multivariable analysis, the standard deviation (SD) of IPFP SI [sDev (IPFP)] and the ratio of high SI region volume to whole IPFP volume [Percentage (H)] measured at BL were significantly associated with increased risks of KR after adjustment for covariates. IPFP SI alterations measured at T-1 including sDev (IPFP), Percentage (H) and clustering effect of high SI [Clustering factor (H)] were significantly associated with higher risks of KR. All measurements were significantly associated with higher risks of KR at T0. Conclusions: IPFP SI is associated with the occurrence of KR suggesting it may play a role in end-stage knee OA.
- Infrapatellar fat pad
- Magnetic resonance imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine