Signalling the molecular stress response to nephrotoxic and mutagenic cysteine conjugates

Differential roles for protein synthesis and calcium in the induction of c-fos and c-myc mRNA in LLC-PK1 cells

Kefu Yu, Qin Chen, Hong Liu, Yi Zhan, James L. Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nephrotoxic and mutagenic cysteine conjugates (NCC) are activated by the enzyme cysteine conjugate, β-lyase, to reactive acylating species which bind covalently to cellular macromolecules. We now show that an early event after treatment of LLC-PK1 cells with NCC is the induction of mRNA for both c-fos and c-myc. Treatment with S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine (DCVC) induced c-fos (53-fold) and c-myc mRNA (20-fold) and increased transcription about 3-fold for both genes. Covalent binding was required for induction of both mRNAs. Dithiothreitol partially prevented induction of both c-fos and c-myc RNA. Buffering the DCVC-induced increase in cytosolic free calcium had no effect on c-fos mRNA, but partially blocked c-myc mRNA induction. Cycloheximide blocked the induction of c-myc mRNA in the absence of an effect on c-fos induction. The data suggest that the increase in c-fos mRNA is a primary response to DCVC toxicity and occurs without a requirement for protein synthesis or an increase in intracellular free calcium. In contrast, c-myc induction requires protein synthesis, suggesting that the presence of another primary response factor may regulate induction either transcriptionally or posttranscriptionally. The data suggest that different signalling pathways regulate induction of c-fos and c-myc mRNA in response to stress caused by reactive acylating species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-311
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume161
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

LLC-PK1 Cells
Cysteine
Calcium
Messenger RNA
Proteins
Lyases
Dithiothreitol
Transcription
Cycloheximide
Macromolecules
Toxicity
S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)cysteine
Genes
RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "Signalling the molecular stress response to nephrotoxic and mutagenic cysteine conjugates: Differential roles for protein synthesis and calcium in the induction of c-fos and c-myc mRNA in LLC-PK1 cells",
abstract = "Nephrotoxic and mutagenic cysteine conjugates (NCC) are activated by the enzyme cysteine conjugate, β-lyase, to reactive acylating species which bind covalently to cellular macromolecules. We now show that an early event after treatment of LLC-PK1 cells with NCC is the induction of mRNA for both c-fos and c-myc. Treatment with S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine (DCVC) induced c-fos (53-fold) and c-myc mRNA (20-fold) and increased transcription about 3-fold for both genes. Covalent binding was required for induction of both mRNAs. Dithiothreitol partially prevented induction of both c-fos and c-myc RNA. Buffering the DCVC-induced increase in cytosolic free calcium had no effect on c-fos mRNA, but partially blocked c-myc mRNA induction. Cycloheximide blocked the induction of c-myc mRNA in the absence of an effect on c-fos induction. The data suggest that the increase in c-fos mRNA is a primary response to DCVC toxicity and occurs without a requirement for protein synthesis or an increase in intracellular free calcium. In contrast, c-myc induction requires protein synthesis, suggesting that the presence of another primary response factor may regulate induction either transcriptionally or posttranscriptionally. The data suggest that different signalling pathways regulate induction of c-fos and c-myc mRNA in response to stress caused by reactive acylating species.",
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T1 - Signalling the molecular stress response to nephrotoxic and mutagenic cysteine conjugates

T2 - Differential roles for protein synthesis and calcium in the induction of c-fos and c-myc mRNA in LLC-PK1 cells

AU - Yu, Kefu

AU - Chen, Qin

AU - Liu, Hong

AU - Zhan, Yi

AU - Stevens, James L.

PY - 1994/11

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N2 - Nephrotoxic and mutagenic cysteine conjugates (NCC) are activated by the enzyme cysteine conjugate, β-lyase, to reactive acylating species which bind covalently to cellular macromolecules. We now show that an early event after treatment of LLC-PK1 cells with NCC is the induction of mRNA for both c-fos and c-myc. Treatment with S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine (DCVC) induced c-fos (53-fold) and c-myc mRNA (20-fold) and increased transcription about 3-fold for both genes. Covalent binding was required for induction of both mRNAs. Dithiothreitol partially prevented induction of both c-fos and c-myc RNA. Buffering the DCVC-induced increase in cytosolic free calcium had no effect on c-fos mRNA, but partially blocked c-myc mRNA induction. Cycloheximide blocked the induction of c-myc mRNA in the absence of an effect on c-fos induction. The data suggest that the increase in c-fos mRNA is a primary response to DCVC toxicity and occurs without a requirement for protein synthesis or an increase in intracellular free calcium. In contrast, c-myc induction requires protein synthesis, suggesting that the presence of another primary response factor may regulate induction either transcriptionally or posttranscriptionally. The data suggest that different signalling pathways regulate induction of c-fos and c-myc mRNA in response to stress caused by reactive acylating species.

AB - Nephrotoxic and mutagenic cysteine conjugates (NCC) are activated by the enzyme cysteine conjugate, β-lyase, to reactive acylating species which bind covalently to cellular macromolecules. We now show that an early event after treatment of LLC-PK1 cells with NCC is the induction of mRNA for both c-fos and c-myc. Treatment with S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine (DCVC) induced c-fos (53-fold) and c-myc mRNA (20-fold) and increased transcription about 3-fold for both genes. Covalent binding was required for induction of both mRNAs. Dithiothreitol partially prevented induction of both c-fos and c-myc RNA. Buffering the DCVC-induced increase in cytosolic free calcium had no effect on c-fos mRNA, but partially blocked c-myc mRNA induction. Cycloheximide blocked the induction of c-myc mRNA in the absence of an effect on c-fos induction. The data suggest that the increase in c-fos mRNA is a primary response to DCVC toxicity and occurs without a requirement for protein synthesis or an increase in intracellular free calcium. In contrast, c-myc induction requires protein synthesis, suggesting that the presence of another primary response factor may regulate induction either transcriptionally or posttranscriptionally. The data suggest that different signalling pathways regulate induction of c-fos and c-myc mRNA in response to stress caused by reactive acylating species.

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