Microcavity exciton polariton systems can have a wide range of macroscopic quantum effects that may be turned into better photonic technologies1, 2. Polariton Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) and photon lasing have been widely accepted in the limits of low and high carrier densities3, but identification of the expected Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) state4 at intermediate densities remains elusive. While all three phases feature coherent photon emission, essential differences exist in their matter media. Most studies to date characterize only the photon field. Here, using a microcavity with strong- A nd weak-couplings co-existing in orthogonal linear polarizations, we directly measure the electronic gain in the matter media of a polariton laser, demonstrating a BCS-like polariton laser above the Mott transition density. Theoretical analysis reproduces the absorption spectra and lasing frequency shifts, revealing an electron distribution function characteristic of a polariton BCS state but modified by incoherent pumping and dissipation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Jan 31 2019|
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