Silica and titania nanoparticles impact on water quality

Experiments involving Ralstonia pickettii in nutrient-rich and poor media

Lisa A. Jones, Kimberly L Ogden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

According to CDC, the public is being bombarded with ads for cleansers, soaps, toothbrushes, and hand lotions, all containing antibacterial agents. Nanoparticles, which are materials at length scales less than 100 nm, have previously demonstrated antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. One of the hardiest bacteria is a Ralstonia pickettii species isolated from an ultrapure water (UPW) facility. These bacteria survive in water that only contains parts per trillion levels of organic and inorganic contaminants. The focus of this article is to demonstrate the effects of silica and titania nanoparticles on Ralstonia pickettii bacteria in term of growth and yields. Solutions of nanoparticles and calcium fluoride were researched for their effects on the growth rate and cell yield of Ralstonia sp. bacteria in a protein-rich and protein-poor media. The collective effect of CaF2 and 15 nm silica nanoparticles reduces the growth rate by 57% and the cell yield by 29% in protein-rich media. Titania nanoparticles returned similar results, where in nutrient-poor environments little to no growth occurred but in nutrient-rich media, the titania and CaF2 reduced the growth rate by 64% and the cell yield by 34%. Conversely, larger silica nanoparticles in nonprotein-rich media have negligible effects on cell yield and growth rate. The diminished bacterial growth rate provides paralleled insight into the long-term effects of nanotechnology effluent on the United States' wastewater treatment processes, which utilize several species of bacteria. Extrapolation of these results to current toxicological studies suggests that unregulated industrial nanoparticles' expulsion may lead to degradation in water quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-284
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Progress and Sustainable Energy
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013

Fingerprint

Silicon Dioxide
Nutrients
titanium
Water quality
Titanium
silica
Silica
Nanoparticles
water quality
Bacteria
nutrient
bacterium
experiment
Experiments
Proteins
protein
Calcium Fluoride
Calcium fluoride
Bactericides
Soaps (detergents)

Keywords

  • effluent
  • nanotoxicology
  • wastewater treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "According to CDC, the public is being bombarded with ads for cleansers, soaps, toothbrushes, and hand lotions, all containing antibacterial agents. Nanoparticles, which are materials at length scales less than 100 nm, have previously demonstrated antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. One of the hardiest bacteria is a Ralstonia pickettii species isolated from an ultrapure water (UPW) facility. These bacteria survive in water that only contains parts per trillion levels of organic and inorganic contaminants. The focus of this article is to demonstrate the effects of silica and titania nanoparticles on Ralstonia pickettii bacteria in term of growth and yields. Solutions of nanoparticles and calcium fluoride were researched for their effects on the growth rate and cell yield of Ralstonia sp. bacteria in a protein-rich and protein-poor media. The collective effect of CaF2 and 15 nm silica nanoparticles reduces the growth rate by 57{\%} and the cell yield by 29{\%} in protein-rich media. Titania nanoparticles returned similar results, where in nutrient-poor environments little to no growth occurred but in nutrient-rich media, the titania and CaF2 reduced the growth rate by 64{\%} and the cell yield by 34{\%}. Conversely, larger silica nanoparticles in nonprotein-rich media have negligible effects on cell yield and growth rate. The diminished bacterial growth rate provides paralleled insight into the long-term effects of nanotechnology effluent on the United States' wastewater treatment processes, which utilize several species of bacteria. Extrapolation of these results to current toxicological studies suggests that unregulated industrial nanoparticles' expulsion may lead to degradation in water quality.",
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AB - According to CDC, the public is being bombarded with ads for cleansers, soaps, toothbrushes, and hand lotions, all containing antibacterial agents. Nanoparticles, which are materials at length scales less than 100 nm, have previously demonstrated antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. One of the hardiest bacteria is a Ralstonia pickettii species isolated from an ultrapure water (UPW) facility. These bacteria survive in water that only contains parts per trillion levels of organic and inorganic contaminants. The focus of this article is to demonstrate the effects of silica and titania nanoparticles on Ralstonia pickettii bacteria in term of growth and yields. Solutions of nanoparticles and calcium fluoride were researched for their effects on the growth rate and cell yield of Ralstonia sp. bacteria in a protein-rich and protein-poor media. The collective effect of CaF2 and 15 nm silica nanoparticles reduces the growth rate by 57% and the cell yield by 29% in protein-rich media. Titania nanoparticles returned similar results, where in nutrient-poor environments little to no growth occurred but in nutrient-rich media, the titania and CaF2 reduced the growth rate by 64% and the cell yield by 34%. Conversely, larger silica nanoparticles in nonprotein-rich media have negligible effects on cell yield and growth rate. The diminished bacterial growth rate provides paralleled insight into the long-term effects of nanotechnology effluent on the United States' wastewater treatment processes, which utilize several species of bacteria. Extrapolation of these results to current toxicological studies suggests that unregulated industrial nanoparticles' expulsion may lead to degradation in water quality.

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