Silicosis and tuberculosis in Zambian miners

Emmanuel M. Mulenga, Hugh B. Miller, Thomson Sinkala, Tracy A. Hysong, Jefferey L Burgess

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Silicosis and tuberculosis (TB) are significant mining-related illnesses in developing countries. The purpose of this study was to examine annual cases of these diseases in Zambian miners, including comparison of periods before (1960-1970) and after (1992-2002) the arrival of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. The Occupational Health and Safety Research Bureau of Zambia reported 2,114 cases from 1945 to 2002. Of these, 22.7% were silicosis, 65.4% TB, and the remaining 11.9% silicotuberculosis. While silicosis cases decreased from 28.6% to 12.4% with the arrival of HIV/AIDS, there was a large increase in tuberculosis cases (37.1% to 86.1%), with a corresponding decrease in silicotuberculosis cases (34.3% to 1.6%). Although silicosis remains an occupational health issue in Zambian miners, the most significant problem appears to be the marked increase in cases of TB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-262
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Volume11
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2005

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Silicosis
Silicotuberculosis
Tuberculosis
Occupational Health
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV
Zambia
Pandemics
Developing Countries
Miners
Research

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • HIV
  • Silicosis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Zambia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Mulenga, E. M., Miller, H. B., Sinkala, T., Hysong, T. A., & Burgess, J. L. (2005). Silicosis and tuberculosis in Zambian miners. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 11(3), 259-262.

Silicosis and tuberculosis in Zambian miners. / Mulenga, Emmanuel M.; Miller, Hugh B.; Sinkala, Thomson; Hysong, Tracy A.; Burgess, Jefferey L.

In: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Vol. 11, No. 3, 07.2005, p. 259-262.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mulenga, EM, Miller, HB, Sinkala, T, Hysong, TA & Burgess, JL 2005, 'Silicosis and tuberculosis in Zambian miners', International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 259-262.
Mulenga, Emmanuel M. ; Miller, Hugh B. ; Sinkala, Thomson ; Hysong, Tracy A. ; Burgess, Jefferey L. / Silicosis and tuberculosis in Zambian miners. In: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health. 2005 ; Vol. 11, No. 3. pp. 259-262.
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