Simulation of LWIR TW ultrashort pulses over kilometer ranges in the atmosphere

P. Panagiotopoulos, P. Rosenow, K. Schuh, Miroslav Kolesik, Ewan M Wright, Stephan W Koch, Jerome V Moloney

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We have identified major paradigm shifts relative to near-IR filamentation when high power multiple terawatt laser pulses are propagated at mid-IR and long-IR wavelengths within key atmospheric transmission windows. Individual filaments at near-IR (800 nm) wavelengths typically persist only over tens of centimeters, despite the whole beam supporting them being sustained over about a Rayleigh range. In the important mid-IR atmospheric window (3.2 - 4 μm) optical carrier wave self-steepening (carrier shocks) tend to dominate and modify the onset of long range filaments. These shocks generate bursts of higher harmonic dispersive waves that constrain the intensity growth of the filament to well below the traditional ionization limit, making long range low loss propagation possible. For long wavelength pulses in the 8-12 μm atmospheric transmission window, many-electron dephasing collisions from separate gas species act to dynamically suppress the traditional Kerr self-focusing lens and leads to a new type of whole beam self-trapping over multiple Rayleigh ranges. This prediction is key, since strong linear diffraction at these wavelengths are the major limitation and normally requires large launch beam apertures. We will present simulation results that predict multiple Rayleigh range propagation paths for whole beam self-trapping and will also discuss some recent efforts to extend the HITRAN linear atmospheric transmission/refractive index database to include nonlinear responses of important atmospheric molecular constituents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationUltrafast Bandgap Photonics III
PublisherSPIE
Volume10638
ISBN (Electronic)9781510617872
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
EventUltrafast Bandgap Photonics III 2018 - Orlando, United States
Duration: Apr 16 2018Apr 19 2018

Other

OtherUltrafast Bandgap Photonics III 2018
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period4/16/184/19/18

Fingerprint

Ultrashort Pulse
Ultrashort pulses
Atmosphere
atmospheres
Wavelength
Filament
filaments
Rayleigh
pulses
wavelengths
Range of data
Mid-infrared
Simulation
Trapping
simulation
shock
trapping
Shock
carrier waves
atmospheric windows

Keywords

  • atmosphere
  • carrier
  • filamentation
  • HITRAN
  • long-IR
  • many-body
  • mid-IR
  • shock

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Panagiotopoulos, P., Rosenow, P., Schuh, K., Kolesik, M., Wright, E. M., Koch, S. W., & Moloney, J. V. (2018). Simulation of LWIR TW ultrashort pulses over kilometer ranges in the atmosphere. In Ultrafast Bandgap Photonics III (Vol. 10638). [106381L] SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2306055

Simulation of LWIR TW ultrashort pulses over kilometer ranges in the atmosphere. / Panagiotopoulos, P.; Rosenow, P.; Schuh, K.; Kolesik, Miroslav; Wright, Ewan M; Koch, Stephan W; Moloney, Jerome V.

Ultrafast Bandgap Photonics III. Vol. 10638 SPIE, 2018. 106381L.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Panagiotopoulos, P, Rosenow, P, Schuh, K, Kolesik, M, Wright, EM, Koch, SW & Moloney, JV 2018, Simulation of LWIR TW ultrashort pulses over kilometer ranges in the atmosphere. in Ultrafast Bandgap Photonics III. vol. 10638, 106381L, SPIE, Ultrafast Bandgap Photonics III 2018, Orlando, United States, 4/16/18. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2306055
Panagiotopoulos P, Rosenow P, Schuh K, Kolesik M, Wright EM, Koch SW et al. Simulation of LWIR TW ultrashort pulses over kilometer ranges in the atmosphere. In Ultrafast Bandgap Photonics III. Vol. 10638. SPIE. 2018. 106381L https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2306055
Panagiotopoulos, P. ; Rosenow, P. ; Schuh, K. ; Kolesik, Miroslav ; Wright, Ewan M ; Koch, Stephan W ; Moloney, Jerome V. / Simulation of LWIR TW ultrashort pulses over kilometer ranges in the atmosphere. Ultrafast Bandgap Photonics III. Vol. 10638 SPIE, 2018.
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AB - We have identified major paradigm shifts relative to near-IR filamentation when high power multiple terawatt laser pulses are propagated at mid-IR and long-IR wavelengths within key atmospheric transmission windows. Individual filaments at near-IR (800 nm) wavelengths typically persist only over tens of centimeters, despite the whole beam supporting them being sustained over about a Rayleigh range. In the important mid-IR atmospheric window (3.2 - 4 μm) optical carrier wave self-steepening (carrier shocks) tend to dominate and modify the onset of long range filaments. These shocks generate bursts of higher harmonic dispersive waves that constrain the intensity growth of the filament to well below the traditional ionization limit, making long range low loss propagation possible. For long wavelength pulses in the 8-12 μm atmospheric transmission window, many-electron dephasing collisions from separate gas species act to dynamically suppress the traditional Kerr self-focusing lens and leads to a new type of whole beam self-trapping over multiple Rayleigh ranges. This prediction is key, since strong linear diffraction at these wavelengths are the major limitation and normally requires large launch beam apertures. We will present simulation results that predict multiple Rayleigh range propagation paths for whole beam self-trapping and will also discuss some recent efforts to extend the HITRAN linear atmospheric transmission/refractive index database to include nonlinear responses of important atmospheric molecular constituents.

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