Single and double Bracewell nulling interferometer in space

T. Velusamy, R. P. Angel, A. Eatchel, D. Tenerelli, N. J. Woolf

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

As part of a NASA NRA study we have examined the design and use of a small Bracewell nulling interferometer in space for observations of Jovian and terrestrial planets in the 4-12 μm spectral region. At these wavelengths, the contrast is typically 10-7 for most planets while younger and/or more massive Jovian planets have a contrast 100 times better. For planets farther from their star than Earth, a short baseline can provide good null depth and still have adequate resolution. With the single Bracewell nulling interferometer described here, massive/young giant planets far from their star are not difficult to observe and young Jovian mass planetary systems as far as 100 pc can be probed. A program to study planetary systems like the solar system is much harder. In the case of older and smaller planets, distinguishing the planet signal from the star and local zodiacal background is much harder and requires both high stability of the gain for the IR detectors, and nulling over periods of hours. The difficulties of a 2-telescope, single Bracewell nuller are overcome using a dual Bracewell nuller consisting of four telescopes, and phase chopping between two null beams. Double Bracewell nulling described here will have the potential to detect Earth's around 20 nearby stars.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)631-636
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Space Agency, (Special Publication) ESA SP
Issue number539
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003
EventProceedings of the Conference - Towards Other Earths: DARWIN/TPF and the Search for Extrasolar Terrestrial Planets - Heidelberg, Germany
Duration: Apr 22 2003Apr 25 2003

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Velusamy, T., Angel, R. P., Eatchel, A., Tenerelli, D., & Woolf, N. J. (2003). Single and double Bracewell nulling interferometer in space. European Space Agency, (Special Publication) ESA SP, (539), 631-636.