Linearly polarized wavelength stable single frequency ytterbium (Yb 3+) doped fiber lasers below 1 μm, namely threelevel Yb 3+ fiber lasers, are highly demanded for nonlinear wavelength conversion to generate coherent blue light or even deep ultraviolet coherent sources. We present performance of a 976 nm single-frequency core-pumped distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) fiber laser consisting of a 2-cm long highly ytterbium-doped phosphate fiber and a pair of silica fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) and their use for frequency doubling experiment. The high reflection (HR > 99%) and partial reflection (PR = 60%) FBGs were cleaved very close to the index modulation region and directly spliced to a 2-cm-long highly Yb 3+-doped phosphate fiber. Over 100 mW of linearly polarized output with a linewidth less than 2 kHz can be obtained when the launched pump power is about 450 mW. The efficiency of the 976 nm single-frequency fiber laser (the output power vs the launched pump power) is about 25%. The relative intensity noise was measured to be -110 dB/Hz at 1 MHz and the variation of the center wavelength is less than 0.0005 nm during a measurement period of 2.5 hours. This single-frequency fiber laser has an SNR of over 50 dB and there is no strong ASE or spurious lasing at long wavelengths even at the maximum pump power. This all-fiber single-frequency DBR laser with attractive features can be used for efficient blue and UV generation through nonlinear frequency conversion. Moreover, this high-performance 976 nm single-frequency fiber laser can be used as a single-frequency, low RIN pump laser for long wavelength Yb3+-, Er3+-, or Yb3+/Er3+-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers.