Site-specific expression of IQGAP1, a key mediator of cytoskeleton, in mouse renal tubules

Li Wen Lai, Kim Chong Yong, Yeong Hau H. Lien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

IQGAP1 is a multifunctional junction molecule that is involved in cell migration, proliferation, differentiation, cell polarity, and cell-cell adhesion. It is highly expressed in the kidney and has recently been identified in the glomerular basement membrane as a nephrin-associated protein. However, the distribution of IQGAP1 in renal tubular epithelial cells is unknown. We performed confocal microscopic studies to localize IQGAP1 in each nephron segment using dual immunofluorescence staining with various antibodies against segment-specific markers. We found that IQGAP1 was strongly expressed in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT), collecting duct, and macula densa and moderately in the thick ascending limb and proximal tubule. In the DCT, the IQGAP1-F-actin complex forms a comb-like structure with multiple parallel spikes sitting on the basal membrane. In the macula densa cells, IQGAP1 is strongly expressed in the apical membrane, whereas in type A intercalated cells, IQGAP1 is expressed in the basolateral membrane, where it colocalizes with anion exchanger 1, and in principal cells, it is diffusely expressed. In conclusion, we showed the expression and subcellular localization of IQGAP1 in various nephron segments. The site-specific expression pattern of this potent modulator of multiple biological pathways in the renal tubules suggests that IQGAP1 may have multiple important roles in various renal functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)659-666
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry
Volume56
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

Keywords

  • Anion exchanger 1
  • CalbindinD28k
  • Collecting duct
  • Cyclooxygenase 2
  • Distal convoluted tubule
  • F-actin
  • Macula densa
  • Thick ascending limb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

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