Objective: To obtain normative sleep architecture data from unattended home polysomnography in Caucasian and Hispanic children aged 6-11 years. Design and subjects: Unattended home polysomnography was performed on a single night in Caucasian and Hispanic children aged 6-11 years as part of the Tucson Children's Assessment of Sleep Apnea. Study (TuCASA), a cohort study designed to examine the prevalence and correlates of sleep disordered breathing. A subset of 42 children enrolled in TuCASA who had no symptoms of any sleep disorder and had polysomnograms without technical recording problems. Results: Sleep architecture in preadolescent Caucasian and Hispanic children was not different between boys and girls. However, total sleep time (TST), sleep efficiency (SLE) and time spent in REM sleep declined with increasing age. In addition, the number of sleep to wake stage shifts was slightly higher in younger children. Hispanic children had less Stage 3/4 sleep (18 ± 1 vs. 22 ± 1%, P ≤ 0.02) and correspondingly more Stage 2 sleep (55 ± 2 vs. 50.0 ± 1%, P ≤ 0.02) than their Caucasian counterparts. Conclusions: Using unattended home polysomnography, indices of sleep duration and architecture are not different between preadolescent boys and girls. However, with increasing age, TST and SLE decreased. In addition, there are differences in sleep architecture between Caucasians and Hispanics, which may be an important consideration in the evaluation of children with sleep disorders.
- Sleep architecture
ASJC Scopus subject areas