Sleep-disordered breathing and cardiovascular health

Rohit Budhiraja, Stuart F. Quan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of review: Sleep-disordered breathing is a widely prevalent condition and may have serious medical, social, and economic consequences. This review evaluates the role of sleep-disordered breathing in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality on the basis of recent literature. Recent findings: Epidemiologic studies, retrospective reviews, and prospective clinical trials suggest a strong association between sleep-disordered breathing and adverse cardiovascular events. Individuals with sleep-disordered breathing have a higher prevalence of hypertension, which attenuates with treatment. Furthermore, the presence of sleep-disordered breathing augurs an increased risk of coronary artery disease, cardiac arrhythmias, and heart failure. Summary: Recent research provides an emerging evidence of the role of sleep-disordered breathing as a risk factor for diverse cardiovascular disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)501-506
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent opinion in pulmonary medicine
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2005

Keywords

  • Arrhythmia
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Heart failure
  • Hypertension
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Sleep-disordered breathing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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