Slight/mild sensorineural hearing loss in children

Melissa Wake, Sherryn Tobin, Barbara Cone-Wesson, Hans Henrik Dahl, Lynn Gillam, Lisa McCormick, Zeffie Poulakis, Field W. Rickards, Kerryn Saunders, Obioha C. Ukoumunne, Joanne Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The goal was to determine the prevalence and effects of slight/mild bilateral sensorineural hearing loss among children in elementary school. METHODS.A cross-sectional, cluster-sample survey of 6581 children (response: 85%; grade 1: n = 3367; grade 5: n = 3214) in 89 schools in Melbourne, Australia, was performed. Slight/mild bilateral sensorineural hearing loss was defined as a lowfrequency pure-tone average across 0.5, 1, and 2 kHz and/or a high-frequency pure-tone average across 3, 4, and 6 kHz of 16 to 40 dB hearing level in the better ear, with air/bone-conduction gaps of <10 dB. Parents reported children's healthrelated quality of life and behavior. Each child with slight/mild bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, matched to 2 normally hearing children (low-frequency pure-tone average and high-frequency pure-tone average of ≤15 dB hearing level in both ears), completed standardized assessments. Whole-sample comparisons were adjusted for type of school, grade level, and gender, and matched-sample comparisons were adjusted for nonverbal IQ scores. RESULTS. Fifty-five children (0.88%) had slight/mild bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. Children with and without sensorineural hearing loss scored similarly in language (mean: 97.2 vs 99.7), reading (101.1 vs 102.8), behavior (8.4 vs 7.0), and parent- and child-reported child health-related quality of life (77.6 vs 80.0 and 76.1 vs 77.0, respectively), but phonologic short-term memory was poorer (91.0 vs 102.8) in the sensorineural hearing loss group. CONCLUSIONS. The prevalence of slight/mild bilateral sensorineural hearing loss was lower than reported in previous studies. There was no strong evidence that slight/mild bilateral sensorineural hearing loss affects adversely language, reading, behavior, or health-related quality of life in children who are otherwise healthy and of normal intelligence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1842-1851
Number of pages10
JournalPediatrics
Volume118
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2006

Keywords

  • Child development
  • Hearing loss
  • Language
  • Outcomes
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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    Wake, M., Tobin, S., Cone-Wesson, B., Dahl, H. H., Gillam, L., McCormick, L., Poulakis, Z., Rickards, F. W., Saunders, K., Ukoumunne, O. C., & Williams, J. (2006). Slight/mild sensorineural hearing loss in children. Pediatrics, 118(5), 1842-1851. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2005-3168