Slitless spectroscopy with the James Webb space telescope near-infrared camera (JWST NIRCam)

Thomas P. Greene, Laurie Chu, Eiichi Egami, Klaus W. Hodapp, Douglas M. Kelly, Jarron Leisenring, Marcia Rieke, Massimo Robberto, Everett Schlawin, John Stansberry

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The James Webb Space Telescope near-infrared camera (JWST NIRCam) has two 2.02 x 2.02 fields of view that are capable of either imaging or spectroscopic observations. Either of two R ∼ 1500 grisms with orthogonal dispersion directions can be used for slitless spectroscopy over λ = 2.4 - 5.0 μm in each module, and shorter wavelength observations of the same fields can be obtained simultaneously. We present the latest predicted grism sensitivities, saturation limits, resolving power, and wavelength coverage values based on component measurements, instrument tests, and end-to-end modeling. Short wavelength (0.6 - 2.3 μm) imaging observations of the 2.4 - 5.0 μm spectroscopic field can be performed in one of several different filter bands, either in-focus or defocused via weak lenses internal to NIRCam. Alternatively, the possibility of 1.0 - 2.0 μm spectroscopy (simultaneously with 2.4 - 5.0 μm) using dispersed Hartmann sensors (DHSs) is being explored. The grisms, weak lenses, and DHS elements were included in NIRCam primarily for wavefront sensing purposes, but all have significant science applications. Operational considerations including subarray sizes, and data volume limits are also discussed. Finally, we describe spectral simulation tools and illustrate potential scientific uses of the grisms by presenting simulated observations of deep extragalactic fields, galactic dark clouds, and transiting exoplanets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016
Subtitle of host publicationOptical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave
EditorsHoward A. MacEwen, Makenzie Lystrup, Giovanni G. Fazio
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510601871
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
EventSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave - Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: Jun 26 2016Jul 1 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume9904
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Other

OtherSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityEdinburgh
Period6/26/167/1/16

Keywords

  • Grisms
  • JWST
  • James Webb space telescope
  • NIRCam
  • Slitless spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Greene, T. P., Chu, L., Egami, E., Hodapp, K. W., Kelly, D. M., Leisenring, J., Rieke, M., Robberto, M., Schlawin, E., & Stansberry, J. (2016). Slitless spectroscopy with the James Webb space telescope near-infrared camera (JWST NIRCam). In H. A. MacEwen, M. Lystrup, & G. G. Fazio (Eds.), Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave [99040E] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 9904). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2231347