SN 2010jp (PTF10aaxi): A jet-driven type II supernova

Nathan Smith, S. Bradley Cenko, Nat Butler, Joshua S. Bloom, Mansi M. Kasliwal, Assaf Horesh, Shrinivas R. Kulkarni, Nicholas M. Law, Peter E. Nugent, Eran O. Ofek, Dovi Poznanski, Robert M. Quimby, Branimir Sesar, Sagi Ben-Ami, Iair Arcavi, Avishay Gal-Yam, David Polishook, Dong Xu, Ofer Yaron, Dale A. FrailMark Sullivan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We present photometry and spectroscopy of the peculiar Type II supernova SN 2010jp, also named PTF10aaxi. The light curve exhibits a linear decline with a relatively low peak absolute magnitude of only-15.9 (unfiltered), and a low radioactive decay luminosity at late times that suggests a low synthesized nickel mass of about 0.003 M · or less. Spectra of SN 2010jp display an unprecedented triple-peaked Hα line profile, showing: (1) a narrow central component that suggests shock interaction with a dense circumstellar medium (CSM); (2) high-velocity blue and red emission features centered at-12,600 and +15,400 km s -1; and (3) very broad wings extending from-22,000 to +25,000 km s -1. We propose that this line profile indicates a bipolar jet-driven explosion, with the central component produced by normal SN ejecta and CSM interaction at mid and low latitudes, while the high-velocity bumps and broad line wings arise in a nonrelativistic bipolar jet. Jet-driven SNe II are predicted for collapsars resulting from a wide range of initial masses above 25 M ·, especially at the sub-solar metallicity consistent with the SN host environment. It also seems consistent with the apparently low 56Ni mass that may accompany black hole formation. We speculate that the jet survives to produce observable signatures because the star's H envelope was very low mass, having been mostly stripped away by the previous eruptive mass loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
Pages159-166
Number of pages8
Volume7
EditionS279
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
NumberS279
Volume7
ISSN (Print)17439213
ISSN (Electronic)17439221

Fingerprint

supernovae
wings
H lines
radioactive decay
ejecta
profiles
tropical regions
light curve
metallicity
photometry
explosions
envelopes
shock
luminosity
signatures
nickel
interactions
stars
spectroscopy

Keywords

  • ISM: jets and outflows
  • supernovae: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Smith, N., Bradley Cenko, S., Butler, N., Bloom, J. S., Kasliwal, M. M., Horesh, A., ... Sullivan, M. (2011). SN 2010jp (PTF10aaxi): A jet-driven type II supernova. In Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union (S279 ed., Vol. 7, pp. 159-166). (Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union; Vol. 7, No. S279). https://doi.org/10.1017/S1743921312012860

SN 2010jp (PTF10aaxi) : A jet-driven type II supernova. / Smith, Nathan; Bradley Cenko, S.; Butler, Nat; Bloom, Joshua S.; Kasliwal, Mansi M.; Horesh, Assaf; Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.; Law, Nicholas M.; Nugent, Peter E.; Ofek, Eran O.; Poznanski, Dovi; Quimby, Robert M.; Sesar, Branimir; Ben-Ami, Sagi; Arcavi, Iair; Gal-Yam, Avishay; Polishook, David; Xu, Dong; Yaron, Ofer; Frail, Dale A.; Sullivan, Mark.

Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union. Vol. 7 S279. ed. 2011. p. 159-166 (Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union; Vol. 7, No. S279).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Smith, N, Bradley Cenko, S, Butler, N, Bloom, JS, Kasliwal, MM, Horesh, A, Kulkarni, SR, Law, NM, Nugent, PE, Ofek, EO, Poznanski, D, Quimby, RM, Sesar, B, Ben-Ami, S, Arcavi, I, Gal-Yam, A, Polishook, D, Xu, D, Yaron, O, Frail, DA & Sullivan, M 2011, SN 2010jp (PTF10aaxi): A jet-driven type II supernova. in Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union. S279 edn, vol. 7, Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, no. S279, vol. 7, pp. 159-166. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1743921312012860
Smith N, Bradley Cenko S, Butler N, Bloom JS, Kasliwal MM, Horesh A et al. SN 2010jp (PTF10aaxi): A jet-driven type II supernova. In Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union. S279 ed. Vol. 7. 2011. p. 159-166. (Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union; S279). https://doi.org/10.1017/S1743921312012860
Smith, Nathan ; Bradley Cenko, S. ; Butler, Nat ; Bloom, Joshua S. ; Kasliwal, Mansi M. ; Horesh, Assaf ; Kulkarni, Shrinivas R. ; Law, Nicholas M. ; Nugent, Peter E. ; Ofek, Eran O. ; Poznanski, Dovi ; Quimby, Robert M. ; Sesar, Branimir ; Ben-Ami, Sagi ; Arcavi, Iair ; Gal-Yam, Avishay ; Polishook, David ; Xu, Dong ; Yaron, Ofer ; Frail, Dale A. ; Sullivan, Mark. / SN 2010jp (PTF10aaxi) : A jet-driven type II supernova. Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union. Vol. 7 S279. ed. 2011. pp. 159-166 (Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union; S279).
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abstract = "We present photometry and spectroscopy of the peculiar Type II supernova SN 2010jp, also named PTF10aaxi. The light curve exhibits a linear decline with a relatively low peak absolute magnitude of only-15.9 (unfiltered), and a low radioactive decay luminosity at late times that suggests a low synthesized nickel mass of about 0.003 M · or less. Spectra of SN 2010jp display an unprecedented triple-peaked H{\^I}± line profile, showing: (1) a narrow central component that suggests shock interaction with a dense circumstellar medium (CSM); (2) high-velocity blue and red emission features centered at-12,600 and +15,400 km s -1; and (3) very broad wings extending from-22,000 to +25,000 km s -1. We propose that this line profile indicates a bipolar jet-driven explosion, with the central component produced by normal SN ejecta and CSM interaction at mid and low latitudes, while the high-velocity bumps and broad line wings arise in a nonrelativistic bipolar jet. Jet-driven SNe II are predicted for collapsars resulting from a wide range of initial masses above 25 M ·, especially at the sub-solar metallicity consistent with the SN host environment. It also seems consistent with the apparently low 56Ni mass that may accompany black hole formation. We speculate that the jet survives to produce observable signatures because the star's H envelope was very low mass, having been mostly stripped away by the previous eruptive mass loss.",
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AU - Smith, Nathan

AU - Bradley Cenko, S.

AU - Butler, Nat

AU - Bloom, Joshua S.

AU - Kasliwal, Mansi M.

AU - Horesh, Assaf

AU - Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.

AU - Law, Nicholas M.

AU - Nugent, Peter E.

AU - Ofek, Eran O.

AU - Poznanski, Dovi

AU - Quimby, Robert M.

AU - Sesar, Branimir

AU - Ben-Ami, Sagi

AU - Arcavi, Iair

AU - Gal-Yam, Avishay

AU - Polishook, David

AU - Xu, Dong

AU - Yaron, Ofer

AU - Frail, Dale A.

AU - Sullivan, Mark

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N2 - We present photometry and spectroscopy of the peculiar Type II supernova SN 2010jp, also named PTF10aaxi. The light curve exhibits a linear decline with a relatively low peak absolute magnitude of only-15.9 (unfiltered), and a low radioactive decay luminosity at late times that suggests a low synthesized nickel mass of about 0.003 M · or less. Spectra of SN 2010jp display an unprecedented triple-peaked Hα line profile, showing: (1) a narrow central component that suggests shock interaction with a dense circumstellar medium (CSM); (2) high-velocity blue and red emission features centered at-12,600 and +15,400 km s -1; and (3) very broad wings extending from-22,000 to +25,000 km s -1. We propose that this line profile indicates a bipolar jet-driven explosion, with the central component produced by normal SN ejecta and CSM interaction at mid and low latitudes, while the high-velocity bumps and broad line wings arise in a nonrelativistic bipolar jet. Jet-driven SNe II are predicted for collapsars resulting from a wide range of initial masses above 25 M ·, especially at the sub-solar metallicity consistent with the SN host environment. It also seems consistent with the apparently low 56Ni mass that may accompany black hole formation. We speculate that the jet survives to produce observable signatures because the star's H envelope was very low mass, having been mostly stripped away by the previous eruptive mass loss.

AB - We present photometry and spectroscopy of the peculiar Type II supernova SN 2010jp, also named PTF10aaxi. The light curve exhibits a linear decline with a relatively low peak absolute magnitude of only-15.9 (unfiltered), and a low radioactive decay luminosity at late times that suggests a low synthesized nickel mass of about 0.003 M · or less. Spectra of SN 2010jp display an unprecedented triple-peaked Hα line profile, showing: (1) a narrow central component that suggests shock interaction with a dense circumstellar medium (CSM); (2) high-velocity blue and red emission features centered at-12,600 and +15,400 km s -1; and (3) very broad wings extending from-22,000 to +25,000 km s -1. We propose that this line profile indicates a bipolar jet-driven explosion, with the central component produced by normal SN ejecta and CSM interaction at mid and low latitudes, while the high-velocity bumps and broad line wings arise in a nonrelativistic bipolar jet. Jet-driven SNe II are predicted for collapsars resulting from a wide range of initial masses above 25 M ·, especially at the sub-solar metallicity consistent with the SN host environment. It also seems consistent with the apparently low 56Ni mass that may accompany black hole formation. We speculate that the jet survives to produce observable signatures because the star's H envelope was very low mass, having been mostly stripped away by the previous eruptive mass loss.

KW - ISM: jets and outflows

KW - supernovae: general

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