Social and behavioral determinants of perceived insufficient sleep: Analysis of the behavioral risk factor surveillance system

Michael A. Grandner, Nicholas J. Jackson, Bilgay Izci-Balserak, Rebecca A. Gallagher, Renee Murray-Bachmann, Natasha J. Williams, Nirav P. Patel, Girardin Jean-Louis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

Insufficient sleep is associated with cardiometabolic disease and poor health. However, few studies have assessed its determinants in a nationally representative sample. Data from the 2009 behavioral risk factor surveillance system were used (N = 323,047 adults). Insufficient sleep was assessed as insufficient rest/sleep over 30 days. This was evaluated relative to sociodemographics (age, sex, race/ethnicity, marital status, region), socioeconomics (education, income, employment, insurance), health behaviors (diet, exercise, smoking, alcohol), and health/functioning (emotional support, BMI, mental/physical health). Overall, insufficient sleep was associated with being female, White or Black/African-American, unemployed, without health insurance, and not married; decreased age, income, education, physical activity; worse diet and overall health; and increased household size, alcohol, and smoking. These factors should be considered as risk factors for insufficient sleep.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number00112
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Volume6
Issue numberMAY
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Behavioral
  • Cardiometabolic disease
  • Insufficient sleep
  • Poor health
  • Sleep duration
  • Social determinants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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