Social benefits of transit: Case study of Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Advocates of transit suggest that there are several important social benefits of transit system - savings in pollution, congestion, and general social costs. Estimates of such savings have been limited to general comparisons with the personal occupancy vehicle (POV) mode usually on a vehicle-miles-traveled basis. Those savings are simulated in the context of the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA). It is estimated that between 1980 and 1994, MARTA generated about $2.2 billion in total social cost savings by diverting POV riders to transit. Compared with the POV alternative, MARTA generates an average of about $107 million annually in savings to society even after considering society's subsidies to transit. Shortcomings of the analysis and policy implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-131
Number of pages7
JournalTransportation Research Record
Issue number1576
StatePublished - Dec 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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