Sodium arsenite and heat shock induce stress proteins in precision-cut rat liver slices

J. B. Wijeweera, C. M. Thomas, A. J. Gandolfi, K. Brendel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to investigate the usefulness of stress proteins as early, sensitive indicators ofhepa-totoxicity. Induction of stress protein synthesis in precision-cut rat liver slices was examined following in vitro exposure to sodium arsenite or heat shock. Precision-cut rat liver slices were incubated with 10~5 or 10~6 M sodium arsenite for 2, 4 or 8 h in the presence of 3SS-methionine or exposed to hyperthermia (42.5 ± 0.5 °C) for 45 min and then incubated with 35S-methionine for 2, 4 or 8 h. Fluorographic analysis indicated an increase in the synthesis of HSP 70 and HSP 90 family of proteins by both treatments. Immunoblot analysis demonstrated that there was a specific induction of HSP 72 and HSP 90. Induction of HSP 70 was greater than that of HSP 90 by both treatments. Stress protein induction occurred at earlier times by concentrations of arsenite which did not alter other viability parameters such as leakage of intracellular K* or total protein synthesis. The results indicated that induction of stress proteins has the potential usefulness as an early biomarker of arsenite toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-45
Number of pages11
JournalToxicology
Volume104
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 1995

Keywords

  • HSP 70
  • HSP 90
  • Precision-cut liver slices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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