Somatic intragenic recombination within the mutated locus BLM can correct the high sister-chromatid exchange phenotype of bloom syndrome cells

N. A. Ellis, D. J. Lennon, M. Proytcheva, B. Alhadeff, E. E. Henderson, J. German

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

110 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cells from persons with Bloom syndrome feature an elevated rate of sister- chromatid exchange (SCE). However, in some affected persons a minority of blood lymphocytes have a normal SCE rate. Persons who inherit the Bloom syndrome gene BLM identical by descent from a common ancestor very rarely exhibit this high SCE/low-SCE mosaicism; conversely, mosaicism arises predominantly in persons who do not share a common ancestor. These population data suggested that most persons with Bloom syndrome in whom the exceptional low-SCE cells arise are not homozygous for a mutation at BLM but instead are compound heterozygotes. Following this clue, we carried out a genotype analysis of loci syntenic with BLM in 11 persons who exhibited mosaicism. In five of them, polymorphic loci distal to BLM that were heterozygous in their high-SCE cells had become homozygous in their low-SCE cells, whereas heterozygous loci proximal to BLM remained heterozygous. These observations are interpreted to mean that intragenic recombination between paternally derived and maternally derived mutated sites within BLM can generate a functionally wild-type gene and that low-SCE lymphocytes are progeny of a somatic cell in which such intragenic recombination had occurred.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1019-1027
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Volume57
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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