Some lessons learned from post-earthquake damage survey of structures in Bam, Iran earthquake of 2003

Ali Mehrabian, Achintya Haldar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations


Purpose - Some lessons learned from post-earthquake damage survey of structures affected by the Bam earthquake of December 26, 2003 in Iran are encapsulated in this paper. The Bam earthquake caused catastrophic structural damage in the region. Design/methodology/approach - A method similar to that of rapid evaluation procedure (REP), recommended by the Applied Technology Council (ATC-20) in the USA, was used for damage survey. Findings - Bam represents a typical ancient city in many countries around the world. Most of the structures in the region are made of adobe, unreinforced masonry, steel and unreinforced/reinforced concrete. Some of the main types of structural damage, their causes, and potential remedial measures are characterized with an emphasis on the very basic fundamental principles of earthquake-resistant design. Practical implications - The research reported has considerable implications for other seismic-affected regions of the world. Originality/value - A first hand-account of the catastrophic damage caused by this natural disaster and the implications for future design and construction in seismic-affected areas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)180-192
Number of pages13
JournalStructural Survey
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 18 2005



  • Buildings
  • Earthquakes
  • Seismic loading
  • Structural engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

Cite this