Ethane in alveolar expirate may have its source in organs other than the lung and be transported to the lung for elimination. We determined ethane production rates in rats (group I) ventilated with hydrocarbon-free air (HFA) before and after exsanguination. To determine whether the lung is the source of increased ethane production during exposure to 100% O2, we measured ethane in the expirate of nine exsanguinated, Sprague-Dawley rats (group II) mechanically ventilated with HFA and then with 100% O2. In all nine animals, ethane elimination rates on 100% O2 increased compared with HFA values. In five of the nine rats, HFA ventilation was reinstated after O2 (group III). In all five, ethane elimination fell with HFA ventilation compared with the value on 100%. Six rats with circulation intact were ventilated with HFA and then 100% O2 (group IV). Ethane production rate for group IV animals breathing HFA was not significantly different from the exsanguinated animals in group II while ventilated with HFA. The mean increase in ethane production for the group II animals was not significantly different from the group IV animals. Lung slices from four other rats (group V) were incubated in saline at 37°C with FeCl2 (10 mg) added to enhance free radical formation. Paired lung samples from the same rat were incubated with either HFA or 100% O2. Headspace gas was analyzed chromatographically for ethane at 120 min. Mean ethane in the O2 samples was higher than for HFA. Rat lung tissue is the main source of increased ethane production during 100% O2 exposure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)