Sources of loss in single-mode polymer optical waveguides

Robert A Norwood, Renyuan Gao, Jaya Sharma, C. C. Teng

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Single-mode optical waveguides based on planar silica have found increasing application in passive optical components such as arrayed waveguide gratings (AWG), couplers, and splitters. Key aspects of these devices are their low insertion losses and relative insensitivity to temperature. Planar polymer waveguides present a complementary technology that is finding deployment in thermally activated components such as thermo-optic switches, variable attenuators and tunable filters. This results from the large thermo-optic effects and low thermal conductivities in polymers that lead to low power, compact and rapid thermal activation. However, the widespread deployment of planar polymer waveguides has been slowed by inability of single-mode polymer waveguides to achieve the low waveguide losses that have been attained in planar silica. In this paper we look at the sources of loss in polymer optical waveguides, assess approaches to reducing losses, and discuss several important loss measurement techniques valuable for evaluation of new polymer materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
EditorsR.A. Norwood
Pages19-28
Number of pages10
Volume4439
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes
EventDesign, Manufacturing, and Testing of Planar Optical Waveguide Devices - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 1 2001Aug 1 2001

Other

OtherDesign, Manufacturing, and Testing of Planar Optical Waveguide Devices
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period8/1/018/1/01

Fingerprint

Optical waveguides
optical waveguides
waveguides
polymers
Polymers
Waveguides
Optics
Silica
optics
Electric losses
silicon dioxide
Arrayed waveguide gratings
attenuators
tunable filters
Insertion losses
insertion loss
couplers
Thermal conductivity
thermal conductivity
switches

Keywords

  • Dense wavelength division multiplexing
  • Optical communications
  • Optical polymers
  • Planar optical waveguides
  • Thermo-optic effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Norwood, R. A., Gao, R., Sharma, J., & Teng, C. C. (2001). Sources of loss in single-mode polymer optical waveguides. In R. A. Norwood (Ed.), Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 4439, pp. 19-28) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.447629

Sources of loss in single-mode polymer optical waveguides. / Norwood, Robert A; Gao, Renyuan; Sharma, Jaya; Teng, C. C.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. ed. / R.A. Norwood. Vol. 4439 2001. p. 19-28.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Norwood, RA, Gao, R, Sharma, J & Teng, CC 2001, Sources of loss in single-mode polymer optical waveguides. in RA Norwood (ed.), Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 4439, pp. 19-28, Design, Manufacturing, and Testing of Planar Optical Waveguide Devices, San Diego, CA, United States, 8/1/01. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.447629
Norwood RA, Gao R, Sharma J, Teng CC. Sources of loss in single-mode polymer optical waveguides. In Norwood RA, editor, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 4439. 2001. p. 19-28 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.447629
Norwood, Robert A ; Gao, Renyuan ; Sharma, Jaya ; Teng, C. C. / Sources of loss in single-mode polymer optical waveguides. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. editor / R.A. Norwood. Vol. 4439 2001. pp. 19-28
@inproceedings{1f76aa2b75d841d5a54a367dffa3568a,
title = "Sources of loss in single-mode polymer optical waveguides",
abstract = "Single-mode optical waveguides based on planar silica have found increasing application in passive optical components such as arrayed waveguide gratings (AWG), couplers, and splitters. Key aspects of these devices are their low insertion losses and relative insensitivity to temperature. Planar polymer waveguides present a complementary technology that is finding deployment in thermally activated components such as thermo-optic switches, variable attenuators and tunable filters. This results from the large thermo-optic effects and low thermal conductivities in polymers that lead to low power, compact and rapid thermal activation. However, the widespread deployment of planar polymer waveguides has been slowed by inability of single-mode polymer waveguides to achieve the low waveguide losses that have been attained in planar silica. In this paper we look at the sources of loss in polymer optical waveguides, assess approaches to reducing losses, and discuss several important loss measurement techniques valuable for evaluation of new polymer materials.",
keywords = "Dense wavelength division multiplexing, Optical communications, Optical polymers, Planar optical waveguides, Thermo-optic effects",
author = "Norwood, {Robert A} and Renyuan Gao and Jaya Sharma and Teng, {C. C.}",
year = "2001",
doi = "10.1117/12.447629",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "4439",
pages = "19--28",
editor = "R.A. Norwood",
booktitle = "Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Sources of loss in single-mode polymer optical waveguides

AU - Norwood, Robert A

AU - Gao, Renyuan

AU - Sharma, Jaya

AU - Teng, C. C.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Single-mode optical waveguides based on planar silica have found increasing application in passive optical components such as arrayed waveguide gratings (AWG), couplers, and splitters. Key aspects of these devices are their low insertion losses and relative insensitivity to temperature. Planar polymer waveguides present a complementary technology that is finding deployment in thermally activated components such as thermo-optic switches, variable attenuators and tunable filters. This results from the large thermo-optic effects and low thermal conductivities in polymers that lead to low power, compact and rapid thermal activation. However, the widespread deployment of planar polymer waveguides has been slowed by inability of single-mode polymer waveguides to achieve the low waveguide losses that have been attained in planar silica. In this paper we look at the sources of loss in polymer optical waveguides, assess approaches to reducing losses, and discuss several important loss measurement techniques valuable for evaluation of new polymer materials.

AB - Single-mode optical waveguides based on planar silica have found increasing application in passive optical components such as arrayed waveguide gratings (AWG), couplers, and splitters. Key aspects of these devices are their low insertion losses and relative insensitivity to temperature. Planar polymer waveguides present a complementary technology that is finding deployment in thermally activated components such as thermo-optic switches, variable attenuators and tunable filters. This results from the large thermo-optic effects and low thermal conductivities in polymers that lead to low power, compact and rapid thermal activation. However, the widespread deployment of planar polymer waveguides has been slowed by inability of single-mode polymer waveguides to achieve the low waveguide losses that have been attained in planar silica. In this paper we look at the sources of loss in polymer optical waveguides, assess approaches to reducing losses, and discuss several important loss measurement techniques valuable for evaluation of new polymer materials.

KW - Dense wavelength division multiplexing

KW - Optical communications

KW - Optical polymers

KW - Planar optical waveguides

KW - Thermo-optic effects

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035759274&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035759274&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.447629

DO - 10.1117/12.447629

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:0035759274

VL - 4439

SP - 19

EP - 28

BT - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

A2 - Norwood, R.A.

ER -