Space fit for a king: spatial ecology of king cobras (Ophiophagus hannah) in Sakaerat Biosphere Reserve, Northeastern Thailand

Benjamin Michael Marshall, Colin Thomas Strine, Max Dolton Jones, Taksin Artchawakom, Ines Silva, Pongthep Suwanwaree, Matthew J Goode

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A species' spatial ecology has direct implications for that species' conservation. Far-ranging species may be more difficult to conserve because their movements increase their chances of encountering humans. The movements can take them out of protected areas, which is especially risky for species that are routinely persecuted. The king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah), a large venomous elapid, is subject to anthropogenic pressures, such as persecution and habitat loss. Here we present results from a study using radio telemetry to quantify movements and habitat use of nine king cobras in and around a protected area in Northeast Thailand. This study is the first investigation into the movements and habitat use of king cobras outside of the Western Ghats, India. On average, the tracked king cobra's use areas of 493.42 ± 335.60 ha (95% fixed kernel), moving 183.24 ± 82.63 m per day. King cobras did not remain in intact forested area. Five of the individuals frequently used the human-dominated agricultural areas surrounding the protected area, appearing to make regular use of irrigation canals. Two adult males showed increases in movements during the breeding season. One male's increased breeding season range caused him to venture beyond the protected area, shifting his habitat use from intact forests to scrub in human-dominated areas. King cobras' large home range and willingness to use anthropogenic landscapes merits special consideration from conservation planners.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-178
Number of pages16
JournalAmphibia Reptilia
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Thailand
protected area
ecology
habitat use
conservation areas
breeding season
species conservation
radiotelemetry
habitats
scrub
habitat loss
home range
irrigation canals
agricultural land
radio telemetry
biosphere reserve
Ophiophagus hannah
biosphere
habitat destruction
shrublands

Keywords

  • Elapidae
  • Home range
  • Movement
  • Protected area
  • Radio telemetry
  • Snake
  • Southeast Asia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

Space fit for a king : spatial ecology of king cobras (Ophiophagus hannah) in Sakaerat Biosphere Reserve, Northeastern Thailand. / Marshall, Benjamin Michael; Strine, Colin Thomas; Jones, Max Dolton; Artchawakom, Taksin; Silva, Ines; Suwanwaree, Pongthep; Goode, Matthew J.

In: Amphibia Reptilia, Vol. 40, No. 2, 01.01.2019, p. 163-178.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marshall, Benjamin Michael ; Strine, Colin Thomas ; Jones, Max Dolton ; Artchawakom, Taksin ; Silva, Ines ; Suwanwaree, Pongthep ; Goode, Matthew J. / Space fit for a king : spatial ecology of king cobras (Ophiophagus hannah) in Sakaerat Biosphere Reserve, Northeastern Thailand. In: Amphibia Reptilia. 2019 ; Vol. 40, No. 2. pp. 163-178.
@article{80b5b851b89c44e09b8cfbdf7f3c47ab,
title = "Space fit for a king: spatial ecology of king cobras (Ophiophagus hannah) in Sakaerat Biosphere Reserve, Northeastern Thailand",
abstract = "A species' spatial ecology has direct implications for that species' conservation. Far-ranging species may be more difficult to conserve because their movements increase their chances of encountering humans. The movements can take them out of protected areas, which is especially risky for species that are routinely persecuted. The king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah), a large venomous elapid, is subject to anthropogenic pressures, such as persecution and habitat loss. Here we present results from a study using radio telemetry to quantify movements and habitat use of nine king cobras in and around a protected area in Northeast Thailand. This study is the first investigation into the movements and habitat use of king cobras outside of the Western Ghats, India. On average, the tracked king cobra's use areas of 493.42 ± 335.60 ha (95{\%} fixed kernel), moving 183.24 ± 82.63 m per day. King cobras did not remain in intact forested area. Five of the individuals frequently used the human-dominated agricultural areas surrounding the protected area, appearing to make regular use of irrigation canals. Two adult males showed increases in movements during the breeding season. One male's increased breeding season range caused him to venture beyond the protected area, shifting his habitat use from intact forests to scrub in human-dominated areas. King cobras' large home range and willingness to use anthropogenic landscapes merits special consideration from conservation planners.",
keywords = "Elapidae, Home range, Movement, Protected area, Radio telemetry, Snake, Southeast Asia",
author = "Marshall, {Benjamin Michael} and Strine, {Colin Thomas} and Jones, {Max Dolton} and Taksin Artchawakom and Ines Silva and Pongthep Suwanwaree and Goode, {Matthew J}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1163/15685381-18000008",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "40",
pages = "163--178",
journal = "Amphibia - Reptilia",
issn = "0173-5373",
publisher = "Brill",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Space fit for a king

T2 - spatial ecology of king cobras (Ophiophagus hannah) in Sakaerat Biosphere Reserve, Northeastern Thailand

AU - Marshall, Benjamin Michael

AU - Strine, Colin Thomas

AU - Jones, Max Dolton

AU - Artchawakom, Taksin

AU - Silva, Ines

AU - Suwanwaree, Pongthep

AU - Goode, Matthew J

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - A species' spatial ecology has direct implications for that species' conservation. Far-ranging species may be more difficult to conserve because their movements increase their chances of encountering humans. The movements can take them out of protected areas, which is especially risky for species that are routinely persecuted. The king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah), a large venomous elapid, is subject to anthropogenic pressures, such as persecution and habitat loss. Here we present results from a study using radio telemetry to quantify movements and habitat use of nine king cobras in and around a protected area in Northeast Thailand. This study is the first investigation into the movements and habitat use of king cobras outside of the Western Ghats, India. On average, the tracked king cobra's use areas of 493.42 ± 335.60 ha (95% fixed kernel), moving 183.24 ± 82.63 m per day. King cobras did not remain in intact forested area. Five of the individuals frequently used the human-dominated agricultural areas surrounding the protected area, appearing to make regular use of irrigation canals. Two adult males showed increases in movements during the breeding season. One male's increased breeding season range caused him to venture beyond the protected area, shifting his habitat use from intact forests to scrub in human-dominated areas. King cobras' large home range and willingness to use anthropogenic landscapes merits special consideration from conservation planners.

AB - A species' spatial ecology has direct implications for that species' conservation. Far-ranging species may be more difficult to conserve because their movements increase their chances of encountering humans. The movements can take them out of protected areas, which is especially risky for species that are routinely persecuted. The king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah), a large venomous elapid, is subject to anthropogenic pressures, such as persecution and habitat loss. Here we present results from a study using radio telemetry to quantify movements and habitat use of nine king cobras in and around a protected area in Northeast Thailand. This study is the first investigation into the movements and habitat use of king cobras outside of the Western Ghats, India. On average, the tracked king cobra's use areas of 493.42 ± 335.60 ha (95% fixed kernel), moving 183.24 ± 82.63 m per day. King cobras did not remain in intact forested area. Five of the individuals frequently used the human-dominated agricultural areas surrounding the protected area, appearing to make regular use of irrigation canals. Two adult males showed increases in movements during the breeding season. One male's increased breeding season range caused him to venture beyond the protected area, shifting his habitat use from intact forests to scrub in human-dominated areas. King cobras' large home range and willingness to use anthropogenic landscapes merits special consideration from conservation planners.

KW - Elapidae

KW - Home range

KW - Movement

KW - Protected area

KW - Radio telemetry

KW - Snake

KW - Southeast Asia

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066132353&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85066132353&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1163/15685381-18000008

DO - 10.1163/15685381-18000008

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85066132353

VL - 40

SP - 163

EP - 178

JO - Amphibia - Reptilia

JF - Amphibia - Reptilia

SN - 0173-5373

IS - 2

ER -