SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL PHASE COEXISTENCE IN OPTICAL BISTABILITY.

Hartmut Haug, Stephan W. Koch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Optical bistability is a first-order nonequilibrium phase transition, which is characterized by the spatial or temporal coexistence of two phases. In systems with resonators, this phase coexistence can be realized in the form of transverse patterns of high and low intensity values, whereas in a resonatorless optical bistability the phase coexistence becomes manifest in a longitudinal intensity variation. In systems in which strong diffusion of the elementary excitations suppresses spatial phase coexistence, random fluctuations establish, at least in principle, a temporal phase coexistence by stochastic switching between the two bistable states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1385-1392
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics
VolumeQE-21
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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