Spatial observation of Bose-Einstein condensation of [Formula Presented] in a confining potential

B. P. Anderson, M. A. Kasevich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations


Bose-Einstein condensation of [Formula Presented] has been observed in a vapor cell time-averaged orbiting potential trap, and the trapped condensates have been studied using in situ absorption and dark-ground imaging methods. Condensates of [Formula Presented] atoms were observed after 26 s of evaporative cooling. The evaporative cooling sequence consisted of a combination of cooling with ramping magnetic-field strengths and radio-frequency-induced cooling. The measured sizes, numbers of atoms, and transition temperatures of the condensates are consistent with theoretical predictions that include the effects of atomic interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R938-R941
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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