Spatially and spectrally resolved hydrogen gas within 0.1 Au of T Tauri and herbig Ae/Be stars

J. A. Eisner, J. D. Monnier, J. Woillez, R. L. Akeson, R. Millan-Gabet, J. R. Graham, L. A. Hillenbr, J. U. Pott, S. Ragland, P. Wizinowich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present near-infrared observations of T Tauri and Herbig Ae/Be stars with a spatial resolution of a few milliarcseconds and a spectral resolution of ∼2000. Our observations spatially resolve gas and dust in the inner regions of protoplanetary disks, and spectrally resolve broad-linewidth emission from the Brγ transition of hydrogen gas. We use the technique of spectro-astrometry to determine centroids of different velocity components of this gaseous emission at a precision orders of magnitude better than the angular resolution. In all sources, we find the gaseous emission to be more compact than or distributed on similar spatial scales to the dust emission. We attempt to fit the data with models including both dust and Brγ -emitting gas, and we consider both disk and infall/outflow morphologies for the gaseous matter. In most cases where we can distinguish between these two models, the data show a preference for infall/outflow models. In all cases, our data appear consistent with the presence of some gas at stellocentric radii of ∼0.01 AU. Our findings support the hypothesis that Brγ emission generally traces magnetospherically driven accretion and/or outflows in young star/disk systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)774-794
Number of pages21
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume718
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2010

Keywords

  • Circumstellar matter
  • Stars: individual (AS 205, AS 353, DG Tau, DK Tau, DR Tau, MWC 275, MWC 480, MWC 758, MWC 863, MWC 1080, RY Tau, RW Aur, V1057 Cyg, V1331 Cyg, V2508 Oph)
  • Stars: pre-main sequence
  • Techniques: interferometric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Eisner, J. A., Monnier, J. D., Woillez, J., Akeson, R. L., Millan-Gabet, R., Graham, J. R., Hillenbr, L. A., Pott, J. U., Ragland, S., & Wizinowich, P. (2010). Spatially and spectrally resolved hydrogen gas within 0.1 Au of T Tauri and herbig Ae/Be stars. Astrophysical Journal, 718(2), 774-794. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/718/2/774