Spatially correlated cluster populations in the outer disk of ngc 3184

Stéphane Herbert-Fort, Dennis F Zaritsky, John Moustakas, Daniel Christlein, Eric Wilcots, Andrea Baruffolo, Andrea Dipaola, Adriano Fontana, Emanuele Giallongo, Richard W. Pogge, Roberto Ragazzoni, Riccardo Smareglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We use deep (27.5 mag V-band point-source limiting magnitude) V- and U-band Large Binocular Telescope imaging to study the outer disk (beyond the optical radius R 25) of the non-interacting, face-on spiral galaxy NGC 3184 (D = 11.1 Mpc; R 25 = 11.1 kpc) and find that this outer disk contains >1000 objects (or marginally resolved "knots") resembling star clusters with masses 102-104 M and ages up to 1Gyr. We find statistically significant numbers of these cluster-like knots extending to 1.4 R 25, with the redder knots outnumbering bluer at the largest radii. We measure clustering among knots and find significant correlation to galactocentric radii of 1.5 R 25 for knot separations <1 kpc. The effective integrated surface brightness of this outer disk cluster population ranges from 30-32 mag arcsec-2 in V. We compare the H I extent to that of the correlated knots and find that the clusters extend at least to the damped Lyman-α threshold of H I column density (2 × 1020 cm-2; 1.62 R 25). The blue knots are correlated with H I spiral structure to 1.5 R 25, while the red knots may be correlated with the outer fringes of the H I disk to 1.7 R 25. These results suggest that outer disks are well populated, common, and long-lasting features of many nearby disk galaxies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1977-1987
Number of pages11
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume700
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

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point source
radii
disk galaxies
star clusters
spiral galaxies
extremely high frequencies
point sources
brightness
telescopes
thresholds

Keywords

  • Galaxies: individual (NGC 3184)
  • Galaxies: star clusters
  • Galaxies: structure
  • Methods: statistical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Herbert-Fort, S., Zaritsky, D. F., Moustakas, J., Christlein, D., Wilcots, E., Baruffolo, A., ... Smareglia, R. (2009). Spatially correlated cluster populations in the outer disk of ngc 3184. Astrophysical Journal, 700(2), 1977-1987. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/700/2/1977

Spatially correlated cluster populations in the outer disk of ngc 3184. / Herbert-Fort, Stéphane; Zaritsky, Dennis F; Moustakas, John; Christlein, Daniel; Wilcots, Eric; Baruffolo, Andrea; Dipaola, Andrea; Fontana, Adriano; Giallongo, Emanuele; Pogge, Richard W.; Ragazzoni, Roberto; Smareglia, Riccardo.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 700, No. 2, 2009, p. 1977-1987.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Herbert-Fort, S, Zaritsky, DF, Moustakas, J, Christlein, D, Wilcots, E, Baruffolo, A, Dipaola, A, Fontana, A, Giallongo, E, Pogge, RW, Ragazzoni, R & Smareglia, R 2009, 'Spatially correlated cluster populations in the outer disk of ngc 3184', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 700, no. 2, pp. 1977-1987. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/700/2/1977
Herbert-Fort S, Zaritsky DF, Moustakas J, Christlein D, Wilcots E, Baruffolo A et al. Spatially correlated cluster populations in the outer disk of ngc 3184. Astrophysical Journal. 2009;700(2):1977-1987. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/700/2/1977
Herbert-Fort, Stéphane ; Zaritsky, Dennis F ; Moustakas, John ; Christlein, Daniel ; Wilcots, Eric ; Baruffolo, Andrea ; Dipaola, Andrea ; Fontana, Adriano ; Giallongo, Emanuele ; Pogge, Richard W. ; Ragazzoni, Roberto ; Smareglia, Riccardo. / Spatially correlated cluster populations in the outer disk of ngc 3184. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2009 ; Vol. 700, No. 2. pp. 1977-1987.
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AU - Dipaola, Andrea

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AU - Ragazzoni, Roberto

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AB - We use deep (27.5 mag V-band point-source limiting magnitude) V- and U-band Large Binocular Telescope imaging to study the outer disk (beyond the optical radius R 25) of the non-interacting, face-on spiral galaxy NGC 3184 (D = 11.1 Mpc; R 25 = 11.1 kpc) and find that this outer disk contains >1000 objects (or marginally resolved "knots") resembling star clusters with masses 102-104 M and ages up to 1Gyr. We find statistically significant numbers of these cluster-like knots extending to 1.4 R 25, with the redder knots outnumbering bluer at the largest radii. We measure clustering among knots and find significant correlation to galactocentric radii of 1.5 R 25 for knot separations <1 kpc. The effective integrated surface brightness of this outer disk cluster population ranges from 30-32 mag arcsec-2 in V. We compare the H I extent to that of the correlated knots and find that the clusters extend at least to the damped Lyman-α threshold of H I column density (2 × 1020 cm-2; 1.62 R 25). The blue knots are correlated with H I spiral structure to 1.5 R 25, while the red knots may be correlated with the outer fringes of the H I disk to 1.7 R 25. These results suggest that outer disks are well populated, common, and long-lasting features of many nearby disk galaxies.

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