Spatially resolved methane band photometry of Jupiter. III. Cloud vertical structures for several axisymmetric bands and the Great Red Spot

Robert A. West, Martin G Tomasko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present cloud structure models for Jupiter's Great Red Spot, Equatorial Zone, North Tropical Zone, North and South Temperate Zones, North and South Polar Regions, and North and South Polar Hoods. The models are based on images of Jupiter in three methane bands (between 6190 and 8900 Å) and nearby continuum. Radiative transfer calculations include multiple scattering and absorption from three aerosol layers, the topmost of which is a high thin haze and the lower two are called clouds. All models are computed relative to a similar model for the South Tropical Zone which fits methane absorption data and Pioneer photometry data well. Outstanding features suggested by the model results are the transition in the upper-cloud altitude to about 3 km lower altitude from the tropical zones to temperate zones and polar regions, a N/S asymmetry in cloud thickness in the tropical and temperate zones, the presence of aerosols up to about 0.3 bar in the Great Red Spot and Equatorial Zone, the need for a significant (τ ∼ 0.75 to 1.0) aerosol content in this region in the Equatorial Zone, and perhaps an even higher and thicker cloud in the South Polar Hood. The haze layer above both polar hoods may exhibit different scattering properties than the haze which covers lower latitudes. In comparing the present results with models derived from polarization and infrared observations we conclude that polarization data are sensitive to aerosols in and above the upper cloud layer but insensitive to deeper cloud structure, and the converse is true for infrared data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)278-292
Number of pages15
JournalIcarus
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1980

Fingerprint

Jupiter (planet)
Jupiter
photometry
methane
haze
aerosols
aerosol
polar regions
polar region
polarization
scattering
low altitude
tropical regions
radiative transfer
asymmetry
continuums

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Spatially resolved methane band photometry of Jupiter. III. Cloud vertical structures for several axisymmetric bands and the Great Red Spot. / West, Robert A.; Tomasko, Martin G.

In: Icarus, Vol. 41, No. 2, 1980, p. 278-292.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{0af832fee5e645e2982437540c1d05f9,
title = "Spatially resolved methane band photometry of Jupiter. III. Cloud vertical structures for several axisymmetric bands and the Great Red Spot",
abstract = "We present cloud structure models for Jupiter's Great Red Spot, Equatorial Zone, North Tropical Zone, North and South Temperate Zones, North and South Polar Regions, and North and South Polar Hoods. The models are based on images of Jupiter in three methane bands (between 6190 and 8900 {\AA}) and nearby continuum. Radiative transfer calculations include multiple scattering and absorption from three aerosol layers, the topmost of which is a high thin haze and the lower two are called clouds. All models are computed relative to a similar model for the South Tropical Zone which fits methane absorption data and Pioneer photometry data well. Outstanding features suggested by the model results are the transition in the upper-cloud altitude to about 3 km lower altitude from the tropical zones to temperate zones and polar regions, a N/S asymmetry in cloud thickness in the tropical and temperate zones, the presence of aerosols up to about 0.3 bar in the Great Red Spot and Equatorial Zone, the need for a significant (τ ∼ 0.75 to 1.0) aerosol content in this region in the Equatorial Zone, and perhaps an even higher and thicker cloud in the South Polar Hood. The haze layer above both polar hoods may exhibit different scattering properties than the haze which covers lower latitudes. In comparing the present results with models derived from polarization and infrared observations we conclude that polarization data are sensitive to aerosols in and above the upper cloud layer but insensitive to deeper cloud structure, and the converse is true for infrared data.",
author = "West, {Robert A.} and Tomasko, {Martin G}",
year = "1980",
doi = "10.1016/0019-1035(80)90011-1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "41",
pages = "278--292",
journal = "Icarus",
issn = "0019-1035",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spatially resolved methane band photometry of Jupiter. III. Cloud vertical structures for several axisymmetric bands and the Great Red Spot

AU - West, Robert A.

AU - Tomasko, Martin G

PY - 1980

Y1 - 1980

N2 - We present cloud structure models for Jupiter's Great Red Spot, Equatorial Zone, North Tropical Zone, North and South Temperate Zones, North and South Polar Regions, and North and South Polar Hoods. The models are based on images of Jupiter in three methane bands (between 6190 and 8900 Å) and nearby continuum. Radiative transfer calculations include multiple scattering and absorption from three aerosol layers, the topmost of which is a high thin haze and the lower two are called clouds. All models are computed relative to a similar model for the South Tropical Zone which fits methane absorption data and Pioneer photometry data well. Outstanding features suggested by the model results are the transition in the upper-cloud altitude to about 3 km lower altitude from the tropical zones to temperate zones and polar regions, a N/S asymmetry in cloud thickness in the tropical and temperate zones, the presence of aerosols up to about 0.3 bar in the Great Red Spot and Equatorial Zone, the need for a significant (τ ∼ 0.75 to 1.0) aerosol content in this region in the Equatorial Zone, and perhaps an even higher and thicker cloud in the South Polar Hood. The haze layer above both polar hoods may exhibit different scattering properties than the haze which covers lower latitudes. In comparing the present results with models derived from polarization and infrared observations we conclude that polarization data are sensitive to aerosols in and above the upper cloud layer but insensitive to deeper cloud structure, and the converse is true for infrared data.

AB - We present cloud structure models for Jupiter's Great Red Spot, Equatorial Zone, North Tropical Zone, North and South Temperate Zones, North and South Polar Regions, and North and South Polar Hoods. The models are based on images of Jupiter in three methane bands (between 6190 and 8900 Å) and nearby continuum. Radiative transfer calculations include multiple scattering and absorption from three aerosol layers, the topmost of which is a high thin haze and the lower two are called clouds. All models are computed relative to a similar model for the South Tropical Zone which fits methane absorption data and Pioneer photometry data well. Outstanding features suggested by the model results are the transition in the upper-cloud altitude to about 3 km lower altitude from the tropical zones to temperate zones and polar regions, a N/S asymmetry in cloud thickness in the tropical and temperate zones, the presence of aerosols up to about 0.3 bar in the Great Red Spot and Equatorial Zone, the need for a significant (τ ∼ 0.75 to 1.0) aerosol content in this region in the Equatorial Zone, and perhaps an even higher and thicker cloud in the South Polar Hood. The haze layer above both polar hoods may exhibit different scattering properties than the haze which covers lower latitudes. In comparing the present results with models derived from polarization and infrared observations we conclude that polarization data are sensitive to aerosols in and above the upper cloud layer but insensitive to deeper cloud structure, and the converse is true for infrared data.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0000623277&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0000623277&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0019-1035(80)90011-1

DO - 10.1016/0019-1035(80)90011-1

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0000623277

VL - 41

SP - 278

EP - 292

JO - Icarus

JF - Icarus

SN - 0019-1035

IS - 2

ER -