Speaking-related dyspnea in healthy adults

Jeannette Dee Hoit, Robert W. Lansing, Kristen E. Perona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To reveal the qualities and intensity of speaking-related dyspnea in healthy adults under conditions of high ventilatory drive, in which the behavioral and metabolic control of breathing must compete. Method: Eleven adults read aloud while breathing different levels of inspired carbon dioxide (CO 2). After the highest level, participants provided unguided descriptions of their experiences and then selected descriptors from a list. On a subsequent day, participants read aloud while breathing high CO 2 as before, then rated air hunger, physical exertion, and mental effort (with definitions provided). Recordings were made of ventilation (with respiratory magnetometers), end-tidal partial pressure of CO 2, transcutaneous PCO 2, oxygen saturation, noninvasive blood pressure, heart rate, and the speech signal. Results: Unguided descriptions were found to reflect the qualities of air hunger, physical exertion (work), mental effort, and speech-related observations. As CO 2 stimulus strength increased, participants experienced increased perception of air hunger, physical exertion, and mental effort. Simultaneous increases were observed in ventilation, tidal volume, end-inspiratory and end-expiratory volumes, expiratory flow during speaking, nonlinguistic junctures, and nonspeech expirations. Conclusion: Two qualities of speaking-related dyspnea - air hunger and physical exertion - are the same as those reported for many other types of nonspeech dyspnea conditions and, therefore, may share the same physiological mechanisms. The mental effort quality associated with speaking-related dyspnea may reflect a conscious drive to balance speech requirements and ventilatory demands. These findings have implications for developing better ways to evaluate and manage clients with respiratory-based speech problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-374
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2007

Fingerprint

Physical Exertion
Hunger
hunger
Carbon Monoxide
Dyspnea
speaking
Air
air
Respiration
Ventilation
Partial Pressure
Tidal Volume
Carbon Dioxide
recording
stimulus
Heart Rate
Oxygen
Blood Pressure
Physical
experience

Keywords

  • Language
  • Perception
  • Respiration
  • Speech

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Speaking-related dyspnea in healthy adults. / Hoit, Jeannette Dee; Lansing, Robert W.; Perona, Kristen E.

In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, Vol. 50, No. 2, 01.04.2007, p. 361-374.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hoit, Jeannette Dee ; Lansing, Robert W. ; Perona, Kristen E. / Speaking-related dyspnea in healthy adults. In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 2007 ; Vol. 50, No. 2. pp. 361-374.
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