The pH dependence of uranyl(VI) complexation by citric acid was investigated using Raman and attenuated total reflection FTIR spectroscopies and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. pH-dependent changes in the νs(UO2) envelope indicate that three major UO 22+-citrate complexes with progressively increasing U=O bond lengths are present over a range of pH from 2.0 to 9.5. The first species, which is the predominant form of uranyl(VI) from pH 3.0 to 5.0, contains two UO22+ groups in spectroscopically equivalent coordination environments and corresponds to the [(UO2)2Cit 2]2- complex known to exist in this pH range. At pH values >6.5, [(UO2)2Cit2]2- undergoes ah an interconversion to form [(UO2)3Cit 3]3- and (UO2)3Cit2. ESI-MS studies on solutions of varying uranyl(VI)/citrate ratios, pH, and solution counteranion were successfully used to confirm complex stoichiometries. Uranyl and citrate concentrations investigated ranged from 0.50 to 50 mM.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry