Spectral discontinuities and the vowel length effect

Andrew J Lotto, Keith R. Kluender, Kerry P. Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Perception of voicing for stop consonants in consonant-vowel syllables can be affected by the duration of the following vowel so that longer vowels lead to more "voiced" responses. On the basis of several experiments, Green, Stevens, and Kuhl (1994) concluded that continuity of fundamental frequency (f0), but not continuity of formant structure, determined the effective length of the following vowel. In an extension of those efforts, we found here that both effects were critically dependent on particular f 0s and formant values. First, discontinuity in f0 does not necessarily preclude the vowel length effect because the effect maintains when f0 changes from 200 to 100 Hz, and 200-Hz partials extend continuously through test syllables. Second, spectral discontinuity does preclude the vowel length effect when formant changes result in a spectral peak shifting to another harmonic. The results indicate that the effectiveness of stimulus changes for sustaining or diminishing the vowel length effect depends critically on particulars of spectral composition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1005-1014
Number of pages10
JournalPerception and Psychophysics
Volume58
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

continuity
stimulus
Discontinuity
Spectrality
Vowel Length
experiment
Formants
Values
Continuity
Voicing
Fundamental Frequency
Stimulus
Length
Experiment
Consonant
Long Vowels
Harmonics
Stop Consonants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Spectral discontinuities and the vowel length effect. / Lotto, Andrew J; Kluender, Keith R.; Green, Kerry P.

In: Perception and Psychophysics, Vol. 58, No. 7, 01.1996, p. 1005-1014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lotto, Andrew J ; Kluender, Keith R. ; Green, Kerry P. / Spectral discontinuities and the vowel length effect. In: Perception and Psychophysics. 1996 ; Vol. 58, No. 7. pp. 1005-1014.
@article{8e2bd9bf4e2e4a3695cdee0a15c27f0e,
title = "Spectral discontinuities and the vowel length effect",
abstract = "Perception of voicing for stop consonants in consonant-vowel syllables can be affected by the duration of the following vowel so that longer vowels lead to more {"}voiced{"} responses. On the basis of several experiments, Green, Stevens, and Kuhl (1994) concluded that continuity of fundamental frequency (f0), but not continuity of formant structure, determined the effective length of the following vowel. In an extension of those efforts, we found here that both effects were critically dependent on particular f 0s and formant values. First, discontinuity in f0 does not necessarily preclude the vowel length effect because the effect maintains when f0 changes from 200 to 100 Hz, and 200-Hz partials extend continuously through test syllables. Second, spectral discontinuity does preclude the vowel length effect when formant changes result in a spectral peak shifting to another harmonic. The results indicate that the effectiveness of stimulus changes for sustaining or diminishing the vowel length effect depends critically on particulars of spectral composition.",
author = "Lotto, {Andrew J} and Kluender, {Keith R.} and Green, {Kerry P.}",
year = "1996",
month = "1",
doi = "10.3758/BF03206828",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "58",
pages = "1005--1014",
journal = "Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics",
issn = "1943-3921",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spectral discontinuities and the vowel length effect

AU - Lotto, Andrew J

AU - Kluender, Keith R.

AU - Green, Kerry P.

PY - 1996/1

Y1 - 1996/1

N2 - Perception of voicing for stop consonants in consonant-vowel syllables can be affected by the duration of the following vowel so that longer vowels lead to more "voiced" responses. On the basis of several experiments, Green, Stevens, and Kuhl (1994) concluded that continuity of fundamental frequency (f0), but not continuity of formant structure, determined the effective length of the following vowel. In an extension of those efforts, we found here that both effects were critically dependent on particular f 0s and formant values. First, discontinuity in f0 does not necessarily preclude the vowel length effect because the effect maintains when f0 changes from 200 to 100 Hz, and 200-Hz partials extend continuously through test syllables. Second, spectral discontinuity does preclude the vowel length effect when formant changes result in a spectral peak shifting to another harmonic. The results indicate that the effectiveness of stimulus changes for sustaining or diminishing the vowel length effect depends critically on particulars of spectral composition.

AB - Perception of voicing for stop consonants in consonant-vowel syllables can be affected by the duration of the following vowel so that longer vowels lead to more "voiced" responses. On the basis of several experiments, Green, Stevens, and Kuhl (1994) concluded that continuity of fundamental frequency (f0), but not continuity of formant structure, determined the effective length of the following vowel. In an extension of those efforts, we found here that both effects were critically dependent on particular f 0s and formant values. First, discontinuity in f0 does not necessarily preclude the vowel length effect because the effect maintains when f0 changes from 200 to 100 Hz, and 200-Hz partials extend continuously through test syllables. Second, spectral discontinuity does preclude the vowel length effect when formant changes result in a spectral peak shifting to another harmonic. The results indicate that the effectiveness of stimulus changes for sustaining or diminishing the vowel length effect depends critically on particulars of spectral composition.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030254656&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030254656&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3758/BF03206828

DO - 10.3758/BF03206828

M3 - Article

C2 - 8920837

AN - SCOPUS:0030254656

VL - 58

SP - 1005

EP - 1014

JO - Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics

JF - Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics

SN - 1943-3921

IS - 7

ER -