Speech Perception: The View from the Auditory System

Andrew J Lotto, Lori L. Holt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The operating characteristics of the human auditory system clearly constrain the acoustic content and structure of speech. In addition, many researchers have proposed that the form of speech communication takes advantage of what the general auditory/cognitive system does well. We review here three ways in which general perceptual processes have been purported to influence the form of human speech communication: the need for auditory distinctiveness constraining phonetic inventories; the interactions between encoding/processing of sounds within short temporal windows that may underlie some of the listener's ability to accommodate variance in speech sounds; and the influence of perceptual learning on the formation and adaptability of phonetic categories. These examples provide demonstrations of the synergistic benefits of studying speech and hearing within an inclusive auditory cognitive neuroscience framework.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNeurobiology of Language
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages185-194
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780124078628
ISBN (Print)9780124077942
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Auditory categorization
  • Auditory cognitive neuroscience
  • Auditory distinctiveness
  • Phonetic context effects
  • Speech perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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