Sphingosine 1-phosphate reduces vascular leak in murine and canine models of acute lung injury

Bryan J. McVerry, Xinqi Peng, Paul M. Hassoun, Saad Sammani, Brett A. Simon, Joe G.N. Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

174 Scopus citations

Abstract

Excessive mechanical stress is a key component of ventilator-associated lung injury, resulting in profound vascular leak and an intense inflammatory response. To extend our in vitro observations concerning the barrier-protective effects of the lipid growth factor sphingosine 1-phosphate (Sph 1-P), we assessed the ability of Sph 1-P to prevent regional pulmonary edema accumulation in clinically relevant rodent and canine models of acute lung injury induced by combined intrabronchial endotoxin administration and high tidal volume mechanical ventilation. Intravenously delivered Sph 1-P significantly attenuated both alveolar and vascular barrier dysfunction while significantly reducing shunt formation associated with lung injury. Whole lung computed tomographic image analysis demonstrated the capability of Sph 1-P to abrogate significantly the accumulation of extravascular lung water evoked by 6-hour exposure to endotoxin. Axial density profiles and vertical density gradients localized the Sph 1-P response to transitional zones between aerated and consolidated lung regions. Together, these results indicate that Sph 1-P represents a novel therapeutic intervention for the prevention of pulmonary edema related to inflammatory injury and increased vascular permeability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)987-993
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Volume170
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute lung injury
  • Computed tomography imaging
  • Endothelial permeability
  • Mechanical ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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