sPlot – A new tool for global vegetation analyses

Helge Bruelheide, Jürgen Dengler, Borja Jiménez-Alfaro, Oliver Purschke, Stephan M. Hennekens, Milan Chytrý, Valério D. Pillar, Florian Jansen, Jens Kattge, Brody Sandel, Isabelle Aubin, Idoia Biurrun, Richard Field, Sylvia Haider, Ute Jandt, Jonathan Lenoir, Robert K. Peet, Gwendolyn Peyre, Francesco Maria Sabatini, Marco SchmidtFranziska Schrodt, Marten Winter, Svetlana Aćić, Emiliano Agrillo, Miguel Alvarez, Didem Ambarlı, Pierangela Angelini, Iva Apostolova, Mohammed A.S. Arfin Khan, Elise Arnst, Fabio Attorre, Christopher Baraloto, Michael Beckmann, Christian Berg, Yves Bergeron, Erwin Bergmeier, Anne D. Bjorkman, Viktoria Bondareva, Peter Borchardt, Zoltán Botta-Dukát, Brad Boyle, Amy Breen, Henry Brisse, Chaeho Byun, Marcelo R. Cabido, Laura Casella, Luis Cayuela, Tomáš Černý, Victor Chepinoga, János Csiky, Michael Curran, Renata Ćušterevska, Zora Dajić Stevanović, Els De Bie, Patrice de Ruffray, Michele De Sanctis, Panayotis Dimopoulos, Stefan Dressler, Rasmus Ejrnæs, Mohamed Abd El Rouf Mousa El-Sheikh, Brian Enquist, Jörg Ewald, Jaime Fagúndez, Manfred Finckh, Xavier Font, Estelle Forey, Georgios Fotiadis, Itziar García-Mijangos, André Luis de Gasper, Valentin Golub, Alvaro G. Gutierrez, Mohamed Z. Hatim, Tianhua He, Pedro Higuchi, Dana Holubová, Norbert Hölzel, Jürgen Homeier, Adrian Indreica, Deniz Işık Gürsoy, Steven Jansen, John Janssen, Birgit Jedrzejek, Martin Jiroušek, Norbert Jürgens, Zygmunt Kącki, Ali Kavgacı, Elizabeth Kearsley, Michael Kessler, Ilona Knollová, Vitaliy Kolomiychuk, Andrey Korolyuk, Maria Kozhevnikova, Łukasz Kozub, Daniel Krstonošić, Hjalmar Kühl, Ingolf Kühn, Anna Kuzemko, Filip Küzmič, Flavia Landucci, Michael T. Lee, Aurora Levesley, Ching Feng Li, Hongyan Liu, Gabriela Lopez-Gonzalez, Tatiana Lysenko, Armin Macanović, Parastoo Mahdavi, Peter Manning, Corrado Marcenò, Vassiliy Martynenko, Maurizio Mencuccini, Vanessa Minden, Jesper Erenskjold Moeslund, Marco Moretti, Jonas V. Müller, Jérôme Munzinger, Ülo Niinemets, Marcin Nobis, Jalil Noroozi, Arkadiusz Nowak, Viktor Onyshchenko, Gerhard E. Overbeck, Wim A. Ozinga, Anibal Pauchard, Hristo Pedashenko, Josep Peñuelas, Aaron Pérez-Haase, Tomáš Peterka, Petr Petřík, Oliver L. Phillips, Vadim Prokhorov, Valerijus Rašomavičius, Rasmus Revermann, John Rodwell, Eszter Ruprecht, Solvita Rūsiņa, Cyrus Samimi, Joop H.J. Schaminée, Ute Schmiedel, Jozef Šibík, Urban Šilc, Željko Škvorc, Anita Smyth, Tenekwetche Sop, Desislava Sopotlieva, Ben Sparrow, Zvjezdana Stančić, Jens Christian Svenning, Grzegorz Swacha, Zhiyao Tang, Ioannis Tsiripidis, Pavel Dan Turtureanu, Emin Uğurlu, Domas Uogintas, Milan Valachovič, Kim André Vanselow, Yulia Vashenyak, Kiril Vassilev, Eduardo Vélez-Martin, Roberto Venanzoni, Alexander Christian Vibrans, Cyrille Violle, Risto Virtanen, Henrik von Wehrden, Viktoria Wagner, Donald A. Walker, Desalegn Wana, Evan Weiher, Karsten Wesche, Timothy Whitfeld, Wolfgang Willner, Susan Wiser, Thomas Wohlgemuth, Sergey Yamalov, Georg Zizka, Andrei Zverev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: Vegetation-plot records provide information on the presence and cover or abundance of plants co-occurring in the same community. Vegetation-plot data are spread across research groups, environmental agencies and biodiversity research centers and, thus, are rarely accessible at continental or global scales. Here we present the sPlot database, which collates vegetation plots worldwide to allow for the exploration of global patterns in taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic diversity at the plant community level. Results: sPlot version 2.1 contains records from 1,121,244 vegetation plots, which comprise 23,586,216 records of plant species and their relative cover or abundance in plots collected worldwide between 1885 and 2015. We complemented the information for each plot by retrieving climate and soil conditions and the biogeographic context (e.g., biomes) from external sources, and by calculating community-weighted means and variances of traits using gap-filled data from the global plant trait database TRY. Moreover, we created a phylogenetic tree for 50,167 out of the 54,519 species identified in the plots. We present the first maps of global patterns of community richness and community-weighted means of key traits. Conclusions: The availability of vegetation plot data in sPlot offers new avenues for vegetation analysis at the global scale.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-186
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Vegetation Science
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • biodiversity
  • community ecology
  • ecoinformatics
  • functional diversity
  • global scale
  • macroecology
  • phylogenetic diversity
  • plot database
  • sPlot
  • taxonomic diversity
  • vascular plant
  • vegetation relevé

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Plant Science

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    Bruelheide, H., Dengler, J., Jiménez-Alfaro, B., Purschke, O., Hennekens, S. M., Chytrý, M., Pillar, V. D., Jansen, F., Kattge, J., Sandel, B., Aubin, I., Biurrun, I., Field, R., Haider, S., Jandt, U., Lenoir, J., Peet, R. K., Peyre, G., Sabatini, F. M., ... Zverev, A. (2019). sPlot – A new tool for global vegetation analyses. Journal of Vegetation Science, 30(2), 161-186. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12710