SPT-CL J0205-5829: A z = 1.32 Evolved massive galaxy cluster in the south pole telescope sunyaev-zel'dovich effect survey

B. Stalder, J. Ruel, R. Šuhada, M. Brodwin, K. A. Aird, K. Andersson, R. Armstrong, M. L N Ashby, M. Bautz, M. Bayliss, G. Bazin, B. A. Benson, L. E. Bleem, J. E. Carlstrom, C. L. Chang, H. M. Cho, A. Clocchiatti, T. M. Crawford, A. T. Crites, T. De HaanS. Desai, M. A. Dobbs, J. P. Dudley, R. J. Foley, W. R. Forman, E. M. George, D. Gettings, M. D. Gladders, A. H. Gonzalez, N. W. Halverson, N. L. Harrington, F. W. High, G. P. Holder, W. L. Holzapfel, S. Hoover, J. D. Hrubes, C. Jones, M. Joy, R. Keisler, L. Knox, A. T. Lee, E. M. Leitch, J. Liu, M. Lueker, D. Luong-Van, A. Mantz, Daniel P Marrone, M. McDonald, J. J. McMahon, J. Mehl, S. S. Meyer, L. Mocanu, J. J. Mohr, T. E. Montroy, S. S. Murray, T. Natoli, D. Nurgaliev, S. Padin, T. Plagge, C. Pryke, C. L. Reichardt, A. Rest, J. E. Ruhl, B. R. Saliwanchik, A. Saro, J. T. Sayre, K. K. Schaffer, L. Shaw, E. Shirokoff, J. Song, H. G. Spieler, S. A. Stanford, Z. Staniszewski, A. A. Stark, K. Story, C. W. Stubbs, A. Van Engelen, K. Vanderlinde, J. D. Vieira, A. Vikhlinin, R. Williamson, O. Zahn, A. Zenteno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The galaxy cluster SPT-CL J0205-5829 currently has the highest spectroscopically confirmed redshift, z = 1.322, in the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SPT-SZ) survey. XMM-Newton observations measure a core-excluded temperature of TX = 8.7+1.0 -0.8 keV producing a mass estimate that is consistent with the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich- derived mass. The combined SZ and X-ray mass estimate of M 500 = (4.8 ± 0.8) × 1014 h -1 70 M makes it the most massive known SZ-selected galaxy cluster at z > 1.2 and the second most massive at z > 1. Using optical and infrared observations, we find that the brightest galaxies in SPT-CL J0205-5829 are already well evolved by the time the universe was <5 Gyr old, with stellar population ages ≳3 Gyr, and low rates of star formation (<0.5 M yr-1). We find that, despite the high redshift and mass, the existence of SPT-CL J0205-5829 is not surprising given a flat ΛCDM cosmology with Gaussian initial perturbations. The a priori chance of finding a cluster of similar rarity (or rarer) in a survey the size of the 2500 deg2 SPT-SZ survey is 69%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number93
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume763
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 10 2013

Fingerprint

poles
telescopes
galaxies
rarity
cosmology
XMM-Newton telescope
estimates
newton
star formation
universe
perturbation
effect
x rays
temperature

Keywords

  • early universe
  • galaxies: clusters: individual (SPT-CL J0205?5829)
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: Formation
  • large-scale structure of universe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

SPT-CL J0205-5829 : A z = 1.32 Evolved massive galaxy cluster in the south pole telescope sunyaev-zel'dovich effect survey. / Stalder, B.; Ruel, J.; Šuhada, R.; Brodwin, M.; Aird, K. A.; Andersson, K.; Armstrong, R.; Ashby, M. L N; Bautz, M.; Bayliss, M.; Bazin, G.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Chang, C. L.; Cho, H. M.; Clocchiatti, A.; Crawford, T. M.; Crites, A. T.; De Haan, T.; Desai, S.; Dobbs, M. A.; Dudley, J. P.; Foley, R. J.; Forman, W. R.; George, E. M.; Gettings, D.; Gladders, M. D.; Gonzalez, A. H.; Halverson, N. W.; Harrington, N. L.; High, F. W.; Holder, G. P.; Holzapfel, W. L.; Hoover, S.; Hrubes, J. D.; Jones, C.; Joy, M.; Keisler, R.; Knox, L.; Lee, A. T.; Leitch, E. M.; Liu, J.; Lueker, M.; Luong-Van, D.; Mantz, A.; Marrone, Daniel P; McDonald, M.; McMahon, J. J.; Mehl, J.; Meyer, S. S.; Mocanu, L.; Mohr, J. J.; Montroy, T. E.; Murray, S. S.; Natoli, T.; Nurgaliev, D.; Padin, S.; Plagge, T.; Pryke, C.; Reichardt, C. L.; Rest, A.; Ruhl, J. E.; Saliwanchik, B. R.; Saro, A.; Sayre, J. T.; Schaffer, K. K.; Shaw, L.; Shirokoff, E.; Song, J.; Spieler, H. G.; Stanford, S. A.; Staniszewski, Z.; Stark, A. A.; Story, K.; Stubbs, C. W.; Van Engelen, A.; Vanderlinde, K.; Vieira, J. D.; Vikhlinin, A.; Williamson, R.; Zahn, O.; Zenteno, A.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 763, No. 2, 93, 10.02.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stalder, B, Ruel, J, Šuhada, R, Brodwin, M, Aird, KA, Andersson, K, Armstrong, R, Ashby, MLN, Bautz, M, Bayliss, M, Bazin, G, Benson, BA, Bleem, LE, Carlstrom, JE, Chang, CL, Cho, HM, Clocchiatti, A, Crawford, TM, Crites, AT, De Haan, T, Desai, S, Dobbs, MA, Dudley, JP, Foley, RJ, Forman, WR, George, EM, Gettings, D, Gladders, MD, Gonzalez, AH, Halverson, NW, Harrington, NL, High, FW, Holder, GP, Holzapfel, WL, Hoover, S, Hrubes, JD, Jones, C, Joy, M, Keisler, R, Knox, L, Lee, AT, Leitch, EM, Liu, J, Lueker, M, Luong-Van, D, Mantz, A, Marrone, DP, McDonald, M, McMahon, JJ, Mehl, J, Meyer, SS, Mocanu, L, Mohr, JJ, Montroy, TE, Murray, SS, Natoli, T, Nurgaliev, D, Padin, S, Plagge, T, Pryke, C, Reichardt, CL, Rest, A, Ruhl, JE, Saliwanchik, BR, Saro, A, Sayre, JT, Schaffer, KK, Shaw, L, Shirokoff, E, Song, J, Spieler, HG, Stanford, SA, Staniszewski, Z, Stark, AA, Story, K, Stubbs, CW, Van Engelen, A, Vanderlinde, K, Vieira, JD, Vikhlinin, A, Williamson, R, Zahn, O & Zenteno, A 2013, 'SPT-CL J0205-5829: A z = 1.32 Evolved massive galaxy cluster in the south pole telescope sunyaev-zel'dovich effect survey', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 763, no. 2, 93. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/763/2/93
Stalder, B. ; Ruel, J. ; Šuhada, R. ; Brodwin, M. ; Aird, K. A. ; Andersson, K. ; Armstrong, R. ; Ashby, M. L N ; Bautz, M. ; Bayliss, M. ; Bazin, G. ; Benson, B. A. ; Bleem, L. E. ; Carlstrom, J. E. ; Chang, C. L. ; Cho, H. M. ; Clocchiatti, A. ; Crawford, T. M. ; Crites, A. T. ; De Haan, T. ; Desai, S. ; Dobbs, M. A. ; Dudley, J. P. ; Foley, R. J. ; Forman, W. R. ; George, E. M. ; Gettings, D. ; Gladders, M. D. ; Gonzalez, A. H. ; Halverson, N. W. ; Harrington, N. L. ; High, F. W. ; Holder, G. P. ; Holzapfel, W. L. ; Hoover, S. ; Hrubes, J. D. ; Jones, C. ; Joy, M. ; Keisler, R. ; Knox, L. ; Lee, A. T. ; Leitch, E. M. ; Liu, J. ; Lueker, M. ; Luong-Van, D. ; Mantz, A. ; Marrone, Daniel P ; McDonald, M. ; McMahon, J. J. ; Mehl, J. ; Meyer, S. S. ; Mocanu, L. ; Mohr, J. J. ; Montroy, T. E. ; Murray, S. S. ; Natoli, T. ; Nurgaliev, D. ; Padin, S. ; Plagge, T. ; Pryke, C. ; Reichardt, C. L. ; Rest, A. ; Ruhl, J. E. ; Saliwanchik, B. R. ; Saro, A. ; Sayre, J. T. ; Schaffer, K. K. ; Shaw, L. ; Shirokoff, E. ; Song, J. ; Spieler, H. G. ; Stanford, S. A. ; Staniszewski, Z. ; Stark, A. A. ; Story, K. ; Stubbs, C. W. ; Van Engelen, A. ; Vanderlinde, K. ; Vieira, J. D. ; Vikhlinin, A. ; Williamson, R. ; Zahn, O. ; Zenteno, A. / SPT-CL J0205-5829 : A z = 1.32 Evolved massive galaxy cluster in the south pole telescope sunyaev-zel'dovich effect survey. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2013 ; Vol. 763, No. 2.
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title = "SPT-CL J0205-5829: A z = 1.32 Evolved massive galaxy cluster in the south pole telescope sunyaev-zel'dovich effect survey",
abstract = "The galaxy cluster SPT-CL J0205-5829 currently has the highest spectroscopically confirmed redshift, z = 1.322, in the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SPT-SZ) survey. XMM-Newton observations measure a core-excluded temperature of TX = 8.7+1.0 -0.8 keV producing a mass estimate that is consistent with the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich- derived mass. The combined SZ and X-ray mass estimate of M 500 = (4.8 ± 0.8) × 1014 h -1 70 M makes it the most massive known SZ-selected galaxy cluster at z > 1.2 and the second most massive at z > 1. Using optical and infrared observations, we find that the brightest galaxies in SPT-CL J0205-5829 are already well evolved by the time the universe was <5 Gyr old, with stellar population ages ≳3 Gyr, and low rates of star formation (<0.5 M yr-1). We find that, despite the high redshift and mass, the existence of SPT-CL J0205-5829 is not surprising given a flat ΛCDM cosmology with Gaussian initial perturbations. The a priori chance of finding a cluster of similar rarity (or rarer) in a survey the size of the 2500 deg2 SPT-SZ survey is 69{\%}.",
keywords = "early universe, galaxies: clusters: individual (SPT-CL J0205?5829), galaxies: evolution, galaxies: Formation, large-scale structure of universe",
author = "B. Stalder and J. Ruel and R. Šuhada and M. Brodwin and Aird, {K. A.} and K. Andersson and R. Armstrong and Ashby, {M. L N} and M. Bautz and M. Bayliss and G. Bazin and Benson, {B. A.} and Bleem, {L. E.} and Carlstrom, {J. E.} and Chang, {C. L.} and Cho, {H. M.} and A. Clocchiatti and Crawford, {T. M.} and Crites, {A. T.} and {De Haan}, T. and S. Desai and Dobbs, {M. A.} and Dudley, {J. P.} and Foley, {R. J.} and Forman, {W. R.} and George, {E. M.} and D. Gettings and Gladders, {M. D.} and Gonzalez, {A. H.} and Halverson, {N. W.} and Harrington, {N. L.} and High, {F. W.} and Holder, {G. P.} and Holzapfel, {W. L.} and S. Hoover and Hrubes, {J. D.} and C. Jones and M. Joy and R. Keisler and L. Knox and Lee, {A. T.} and Leitch, {E. M.} and J. Liu and M. Lueker and D. Luong-Van and A. Mantz and Marrone, {Daniel P} and M. McDonald and McMahon, {J. J.} and J. Mehl and Meyer, {S. S.} and L. Mocanu and Mohr, {J. J.} and Montroy, {T. E.} and Murray, {S. S.} and T. Natoli and D. Nurgaliev and S. Padin and T. Plagge and C. Pryke and Reichardt, {C. L.} and A. Rest and Ruhl, {J. E.} and Saliwanchik, {B. R.} and A. Saro and Sayre, {J. T.} and Schaffer, {K. K.} and L. Shaw and E. Shirokoff and J. Song and Spieler, {H. G.} and Stanford, {S. A.} and Z. Staniszewski and Stark, {A. A.} and K. Story and Stubbs, {C. W.} and {Van Engelen}, A. and K. Vanderlinde and Vieira, {J. D.} and A. Vikhlinin and R. Williamson and O. Zahn and A. Zenteno",
year = "2013",
month = "2",
day = "10",
doi = "10.1088/0004-637X/763/2/93",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "763",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal",
issn = "0004-637X",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - SPT-CL J0205-5829

T2 - A z = 1.32 Evolved massive galaxy cluster in the south pole telescope sunyaev-zel'dovich effect survey

AU - Stalder, B.

AU - Ruel, J.

AU - Šuhada, R.

AU - Brodwin, M.

AU - Aird, K. A.

AU - Andersson, K.

AU - Armstrong, R.

AU - Ashby, M. L N

AU - Bautz, M.

AU - Bayliss, M.

AU - Bazin, G.

AU - Benson, B. A.

AU - Bleem, L. E.

AU - Carlstrom, J. E.

AU - Chang, C. L.

AU - Cho, H. M.

AU - Clocchiatti, A.

AU - Crawford, T. M.

AU - Crites, A. T.

AU - De Haan, T.

AU - Desai, S.

AU - Dobbs, M. A.

AU - Dudley, J. P.

AU - Foley, R. J.

AU - Forman, W. R.

AU - George, E. M.

AU - Gettings, D.

AU - Gladders, M. D.

AU - Gonzalez, A. H.

AU - Halverson, N. W.

AU - Harrington, N. L.

AU - High, F. W.

AU - Holder, G. P.

AU - Holzapfel, W. L.

AU - Hoover, S.

AU - Hrubes, J. D.

AU - Jones, C.

AU - Joy, M.

AU - Keisler, R.

AU - Knox, L.

AU - Lee, A. T.

AU - Leitch, E. M.

AU - Liu, J.

AU - Lueker, M.

AU - Luong-Van, D.

AU - Mantz, A.

AU - Marrone, Daniel P

AU - McDonald, M.

AU - McMahon, J. J.

AU - Mehl, J.

AU - Meyer, S. S.

AU - Mocanu, L.

AU - Mohr, J. J.

AU - Montroy, T. E.

AU - Murray, S. S.

AU - Natoli, T.

AU - Nurgaliev, D.

AU - Padin, S.

AU - Plagge, T.

AU - Pryke, C.

AU - Reichardt, C. L.

AU - Rest, A.

AU - Ruhl, J. E.

AU - Saliwanchik, B. R.

AU - Saro, A.

AU - Sayre, J. T.

AU - Schaffer, K. K.

AU - Shaw, L.

AU - Shirokoff, E.

AU - Song, J.

AU - Spieler, H. G.

AU - Stanford, S. A.

AU - Staniszewski, Z.

AU - Stark, A. A.

AU - Story, K.

AU - Stubbs, C. W.

AU - Van Engelen, A.

AU - Vanderlinde, K.

AU - Vieira, J. D.

AU - Vikhlinin, A.

AU - Williamson, R.

AU - Zahn, O.

AU - Zenteno, A.

PY - 2013/2/10

Y1 - 2013/2/10

N2 - The galaxy cluster SPT-CL J0205-5829 currently has the highest spectroscopically confirmed redshift, z = 1.322, in the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SPT-SZ) survey. XMM-Newton observations measure a core-excluded temperature of TX = 8.7+1.0 -0.8 keV producing a mass estimate that is consistent with the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich- derived mass. The combined SZ and X-ray mass estimate of M 500 = (4.8 ± 0.8) × 1014 h -1 70 M makes it the most massive known SZ-selected galaxy cluster at z > 1.2 and the second most massive at z > 1. Using optical and infrared observations, we find that the brightest galaxies in SPT-CL J0205-5829 are already well evolved by the time the universe was <5 Gyr old, with stellar population ages ≳3 Gyr, and low rates of star formation (<0.5 M yr-1). We find that, despite the high redshift and mass, the existence of SPT-CL J0205-5829 is not surprising given a flat ΛCDM cosmology with Gaussian initial perturbations. The a priori chance of finding a cluster of similar rarity (or rarer) in a survey the size of the 2500 deg2 SPT-SZ survey is 69%.

AB - The galaxy cluster SPT-CL J0205-5829 currently has the highest spectroscopically confirmed redshift, z = 1.322, in the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SPT-SZ) survey. XMM-Newton observations measure a core-excluded temperature of TX = 8.7+1.0 -0.8 keV producing a mass estimate that is consistent with the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich- derived mass. The combined SZ and X-ray mass estimate of M 500 = (4.8 ± 0.8) × 1014 h -1 70 M makes it the most massive known SZ-selected galaxy cluster at z > 1.2 and the second most massive at z > 1. Using optical and infrared observations, we find that the brightest galaxies in SPT-CL J0205-5829 are already well evolved by the time the universe was <5 Gyr old, with stellar population ages ≳3 Gyr, and low rates of star formation (<0.5 M yr-1). We find that, despite the high redshift and mass, the existence of SPT-CL J0205-5829 is not surprising given a flat ΛCDM cosmology with Gaussian initial perturbations. The a priori chance of finding a cluster of similar rarity (or rarer) in a survey the size of the 2500 deg2 SPT-SZ survey is 69%.

KW - early universe

KW - galaxies: clusters: individual (SPT-CL J0205?5829)

KW - galaxies: evolution

KW - galaxies: Formation

KW - large-scale structure of universe

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