SPT-CL J0546-5345: A massive z > 1 galaxy cluster selected via the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect with the South Pole Telescope

M. Brodwin, J. Ruel, P. A.R. Ade, K. A. Aird, K. Andersson, M. L.N. Ashby, M. Bautz, G. Bazin, B. A. Benson, L. E. Bleem, J. E. Carlstrom, C. L. Chang, T. M. Crawford, A. T. Crites, T. De Haan, S. Desai, M. A. Dobbs, J. P. Dudley, G. G. Fazio, R. J. FoleyW. R. Forman, G. Garmire, E. M. George, M. D. Gladders, A. H. Gonzalez, N. W. Halverson, F. W. High, G. P. Holder, W. L. Holzapfel, J. D. Hrubes, C. Jones, M. Joy, R. Keisler, L. Knox, A. T. Lee, E. M. Leitch, M. Lueker, D. P. Marrone, J. J. McMahon, J. Mehl, S. S. Meyer, J. J. Mohr, T. E. Montroy, S. S. Murray, S. Padin, T. Plagge, C. Pryke, C. L. Reichardt, A. Rest, J. E. Ruhl, K. K. Schaffer, L. Shaw, E. Shirokoff, J. Song, H. G. Spieler, B. Stalder, S. A. Stanford, Z. Staniszewski, A. A. Stark, C. W. Stubbs, K. Vanderlinde, J. D. Vieira, A. Vikhlinin, R. Williamson, Y. Yang, O. Zahn, A. Zenteno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the spectroscopic confirmation of SPT-CL J0546-5345 at (z) = 1.067. To date this is the most distant cluster to be spectroscopically confirmed from the 2008 South Pole Telescope (SPT) catalog, and indeed the first z > 1 cluster discovered by the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect (SZE). We identify 21 secure spectroscopic members within 0.9 Mpc of the SPT cluster position, 18 of which are quiescent, early-type galaxies. From these quiescent galaxies we obtain a velocity dispersion of 1179-167+232 km s -1, ranking SPT-CL J0546-5345 as the most dynamically massive cluster yet discovered at z > 1. Assuming that SPT-CL J0546-5345 is virialized, this implies a dynamical mass of M200 = 1.0-0.4 +0.6×1015M, in agreement with the X-ray and SZE mass measurements. Combining masses from several independent measures leads to a best-estimate mass of M200 = (7.95 ± 0.92) × 1014M. The spectroscopic confirmation of SPT-CL J0546-5345, discovered in the wide-angle, mass-selected SPT cluster survey, marks the onset of the high-redshift SZE-selected galaxy cluster era.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-97
Number of pages8
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume721
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 20 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Galaxies: Evolution
  • Galaxies: clusters: individual (SPT-CL J0546-5345)
  • Galaxies: distances and redshifts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Brodwin, M., Ruel, J., Ade, P. A. R., Aird, K. A., Andersson, K., Ashby, M. L. N., Bautz, M., Bazin, G., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Carlstrom, J. E., Chang, C. L., Crawford, T. M., Crites, A. T., De Haan, T., Desai, S., Dobbs, M. A., Dudley, J. P., Fazio, G. G., ... Zenteno, A. (2010). SPT-CL J0546-5345: A massive z > 1 galaxy cluster selected via the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect with the South Pole Telescope. Astrophysical Journal, 721(1), 90-97. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/721/1/90