Stable isotope measurements of martian atmospheric CO2 at the Phoenix landing site

Paul B. Niles, William V. Boynton, John H. Hoffman, Douglas W. Ming, Dave Hamara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Carbon dioxide is a primary component of the martian atmosphere and reacts readily with water and silicate rocks. Thus, the stable isotopic composition of CO2 can reveal much about the history of volatiles on the planet. The Mars Phoenix spacecraft measurements of carbon isotopes [referenced to the Vienna Pee Dee belemnite (VPDB)] [δ13CVPDB = -2.5 ± 4.3 per mil (‰)] and oxygen isotopes [referenced to the Vienna standard mean ocean water (VSMOW)] (δ18OVSMOW = 31.0 ± 5.7‰), reported here, indicate that CO2 is heavily influenced by modern volcanic degassing and equilibration with liquid water. When combined with data from the martian meteorites, a general model can be constructed that constrains the history of water, volcanism, atmospheric evolution, and weathering on Mars. This suggests that low-temperature water-rock interaction has been dominant throughout martian history, carbonate formation is active and ongoing, and recent volcanic degassing has played a substantial role in the composition of the modern atmosphere.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1334-1337
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume329
Issue number5997
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 10 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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