Stable water isotope simulation in different reservoirs of Manaus, Brazil, by community land model incorporating stable isotopic effect

Xin Ping Zhang, Zong Liang Yang, Guo Yue Niu, Xiao Yun Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Scopus citations


The daily and monthly variations of stable water isotopes in different reservoirs at Manaus, Brazil, are simulated and inter-compared in an equilibrium year, using the Community Land Model (CLM) involving the stable isotopic effects as a diagnostic tool for an in-depth understanding of the hydrometeorological processes. On the daily scale, the δ18O in precipitation, vapour and surface runoff have clear seasonality, with marked negative correlations with the corresponding water amount. However, the δ18O in surface dew displays marked positive correlation with dew amount. On the diurnal time scale, the δ18O in precipitation displays an unclear diurnal variation and an unmarked correlation with the precipitation amount. However, the δ18O in vapour keeps consistency with specific humidity. On the monthly time scale, the δ18O in precipitation and surface runoff displays distinct bimodal seasonality, with two maxima in January and in July, and two minima in April and in October; Vapor displays a similar bimodal pattern, two maxima appear in January and August, and two minima in April and November. The amount effect simulated on the monthly time scale has consistency with the actual survey result at the Manaus station, from 1965 to 1990, set up by International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)/World Meteorological Organization (WMO). In addition, the slope (7.49) and the intercept (6.25) of the simulated meteoric water line (MWL) are all smaller than those of the actual mean MWL. However, compared with the annual MWL, the simulated MWL lies within the variation range of actual MWLs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)619-628
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Climatology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 13 2009
Externally publishedYes



  • Amount effect
  • CLM
  • Fractionation
  • Meteoric waterline
  • Simulation
  • Stable water isotope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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