Star Formation Activity of Barred Spiral Galaxies

Eunbin Kim, Ho Seong Hwang, Haeun Chung, Gwang Ho Lee, Changbom Park, Bernardo Cervantes Sodi, Sungsoo S. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study the star formation activity of nearby galaxies with bars using a sample of late-type galaxies at 0.02 ≤ z ≤ 0.05489 and Mr < -19.5 from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We compare the physical properties of strongly and weakly barred galaxies with those of non-barred galaxies that have stellar mass and redshift distributions similar to barred galaxies. We find that the star formation activity of strongly barred galaxies probed by starburstiness, g - r, NUV - r, and mid-infrared [3.4][12] colors is, on average, lower than that of nonbarred galaxies. However, weakly barred galaxies do not show such a difference between barred and non-barred galaxies. The amounts of atomic and molecular gas in strongly barred galaxies are smaller than those in non-barred galaxies, and the gas metallicity is higher in strongly barred galaxies than in non-barred galaxies. The gas properties of weakly barred galaxies again show no difference from those of non-barred galaxies. We stack the optical spectra of barred and non-barred galaxies in several mass bins and fit to the stacked spectra with a spectral fitting code, STARLIGHT. We find no significant difference in stellar populations between barred and non-barred galaxies for both strongly and weakly barred galaxies. Our results are consistent with the idea that the star formation activity of barred galaxies was enhanced in the past along with significant gas consumption, and is currently lower than or similar to that of non-barred galaxies. The past star formation enhancement depends on the strength of bars.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number93
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume845
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 20 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • galaxies: ISM
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: formation
  • galaxies: spiral
  • galaxies: star formation
  • galaxies: structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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