Background: The beneficial effects of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG Co-A) reductase inhibitors (statins) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting have been recognized. Reduced mortality rates and clinical events have been demonstrated. These outcomes were examined in patients taking statins who underwent cardiac valve operations. Methods: This retrospective study included 447 consecutive patients undergoing valve operations between July 2004 and February 2006; 203 patients (45.6%) received statins preoperatively and postoperatively vs 244 who did not. Preoperative risk factors and outcome data for both cohorts were compared. Primary outcomes included 30-day mortality, renal failure, and postoperative stroke. Results: The statin group had more comorbidities. Although they had increased risk factors, including previous stroke (30 of 203 vs 16 of 244, p = 0.004), diabetes (66 of 203 vs 32 of 244, p < 0.0001), cerebrovascular disease (45 of 203 vs 24 of 244, p = 0.003), and dyslipidemia (191 of 203 vs 63 of 244, p < 0.0001), they had better outcomes. The unadjusted odds ratio (OR) for the composite end point of death/stroke/renal failure was 1.90 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.95 to 3.76; p = 0.068) favoring the statin group. By univariate analysis, the adjusted OR for the composite end point demonstrated a benefit with statin therapy: diabetes, 2.29 (95% CI, 1.16 to 4.71; p = 0.024); stroke, 2.15 (95% CI, 1.06 to 4.35; p = 0.034); and renal dysfunction, 2.05 (95% CI, 1.02 to 4.13; p = 0.045). Conclusions: Statin therapy in this population undergoing cardiac valve procedures was associated with decreased postoperative morbidity and death. The mechanism may be independent of statins' lipid-lowering effects. A prospective, randomized-control trial of statin therapy in this population is warranted.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine