Statistical methods for assessing environmental effects on human genetic disorders

Walter W. Piegorsch, Jack A. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Methods are presented for assessing interactions and other effects between genetic and environmental factors for human disease or cancer susceptibility. Statistical estimation and testing approaches are based on a simple multinomial sampling model for the case‐control sampling scenario. It is noted that logistic regression methods can facilitate computation of likelihood‐based statistics in this setting. Additional models for collapsibility over genotypes within the genetic factor are considered. Monte Carlo comparisons show that the method appears to retain nominal significance levels at total sample sizes above 100. At smaller sample sizes, a goodness‐of‐fit statistic is suggested for testing the interactive effect between the genetic and environmental factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-384
Number of pages16
JournalEnvironmetrics
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Case‐control study
  • ecogenetics
  • epidemiology
  • genetic susceptibility
  • gene‐environment interaction
  • logistic regression
  • maximum likelihood
  • multinomial sampling
  • multiplicative null model
  • odds ratio
  • synergy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Ecological Modeling

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