Stellar occultation by 2060 Chiron

Schelte J. Bus, Marc W. Buie, David G. Schleicher, William B. Hubbard, Robert L. Marcialis, Richard Hill, Lawrence H. Wasserman, John R. Spencer, Robert L. Millis, Otto G. Franz, Amanda S. Bosh, Edward W. Dunham, Charles H. Ford, James W. Young, J. L. Elliot, Richard Meserole, Catherine B. Olkin, Stephen W. McDonald, Jeffrey A. Foust, Lisa M. SopataReba M. Bandyopadhyay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

A 14th magnitude double star was occulted by 2060 Chiron on 1993 November 7. Observations of this event were obtained from five locations in California. An occultation by Chiron's nucleus was recorded at one of these sites, while a possible graze by the nucleus was seen at the next closest location. If this possible graze represents a true detection of the nucleus, Chiron's radius is determined to be 89.6 ± 6.8 km, assuming a circular outline for the shape. If the nucleus was not seen at the second location, Chiron's radius is only constrained as being greater than 90.2 ± 6.5 km. The presence of dust in Chiron's inner coma was also detected in four of the five occultation datasets. Lightcurve features were identified that may be explained by narrow, collimated jets of material, and by a much larger region of dust distributed asymmetrically about Chiron's nucleus. Periodic fluctuations in the dust may have been detected in one of the lightcurves. If this periodicity is real, and is induced as a result of Chiron's rotation, then a minimum expansion velocity for the dust is found to be ∼40 m sec-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)478-490
Number of pages13
JournalIcarus
Volume123
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Bus, S. J., Buie, M. W., Schleicher, D. G., Hubbard, W. B., Marcialis, R. L., Hill, R., Wasserman, L. H., Spencer, J. R., Millis, R. L., Franz, O. G., Bosh, A. S., Dunham, E. W., Ford, C. H., Young, J. W., Elliot, J. L., Meserole, R., Olkin, C. B., McDonald, S. W., Foust, J. A., ... Bandyopadhyay, R. M. (1996). Stellar occultation by 2060 Chiron. Icarus, 123(2), 478-490. https://doi.org/10.1006/icar.1996.0173