PURPOSE: To evaluate the potential of covered stents to replace surgery in the treatment of subclavian artery aneurysms and traumatic injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine patients (five men, four women; age range, 20-83 years; mean, 54 years) with subclavian artery aneurysms (n = 5) or fistulas (n = 4) were treated with stent-grafts. All devices used were custom-made, consisting of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-covered Palmaz (n = 5), Wallstent (n = 2), Z stents (n = 8), or a polyester-covered Z stent (n = 1). One patient was lost to follow-up after 2 months. All others were followed up with clinical evaluation, computed tomography (CT), and/or ultrasound. RESULTS: All devices were deployed successfully with exclusion of the aneurysms and fistulas. There were two procedure-related complications (22%), consisting of groin pseudoaneurysms requiring surgical repair 3 and 9 days after the procedure. One of those patients required additional oral antibiotic therapy for a postsurgical groin wound infection. One patient developed a stenosis at 12 months, which required angioplasty. The stent- graft thrombosed in one patient because of a kink 2 months after placement, which was successfully treated by thrombolysis and placement of a Wallstent. The primary and secondary patencies are 89% and 100%, respectively, after a mean follow-up of 29 months (2-66 mo). CONCLUSION: Mid-term results of stent- graft therapy of subclavian artery aneurysms and fistulas are encouraging, with low morbidity and excellent clinical outcome.
- Aneurysm, subclavian
- Aneurysm, therapy
- Endovascular stent-grafts
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine